Prediction of the additional shear action on frame members due to infills
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Infill masonry walls in framed structures make a significant contribution to the response under seismic actions. With special regard to reinforced concrete (RC) structures, it is known that internal forces modifications caused by the frame–infill interaction may be not supported by the surrounding frame because of the additional shear forces arising at the ends of beams and columns. Such additional forces may lead to the activation of brittle collapse mechanisms and hence their prediction is basic in capacity assessment, especially for structures that disregard the details for seismic zones. In this paper a parametric study is carried out addressed to the prediction of the shear forces mentioned before. The results of this study can be used as a support when the simplified model is adopted consisting in the substitution of infill with an equivalent pin jointed concentric strut, because in this case the structural analysis fails in the prediction of the shear forces in question. Through the paper, in which existing RC infilled frames designed only for vertical loads are discussed, analytical laws, depending on the level of the axial force arising in a concentric strut equivalent to infill, are proposed, the above analytical law allowing to correct the local shear forces in the frame critical sections, which are not predictable in the case of substitution of infill with an equivalent concentric strut.
KeywordsInfilled frames Masonry infills Local shear effects Micromodel Equivalent strut
This study was sponsored by ReLUIS, Rete di Laboratori Universitari di Ingegneria Sismica, Linea 2, Obiettivo 5: Influenza della Tamponatura sulla Risposta Strutturale.
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