A fast method for structural health monitoring of Italian reinforced concrete strategic buildings
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- Ponzo, F.C., Ditommaso, R., Auletta, G. et al. Bull Earthquake Eng (2010) 8: 1421. doi:10.1007/s10518-010-9194-6
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The growing number of demand for a widespread of health monitoring for strategic buildings in seismic areas has emphasized the need to realize in-depth scientific studies, in order to verify the feasibility of economic and fast methods to detect anomalous vibrations, to execute post earthquake warning and monitoring, damage assessment and first damage scenarios. Generally, an effective system for structural health monitoring requires an appropriate number of sensors, suitably located in the structures, and complex elaborations of big amounts of data. The simplified method presented in this paper is based on a statistical approach that uses the most significant data recorded on the top floor of the building, with the purpose of extracting information on the maximum inter-story drift, used as damage indicator. The parameters considered in the method are (i) maximum top acceleration, (ii) the first modal frequency variations and (iii) the equivalent structural viscous damping variation. A big amount of experimental data relevant to several tests carried out on scaled R/C models and numerical non linear dynamic analyses have been used to verify the feasibility of this approach.