The expression of TLR8 in the placental tissue was studied in specimens from women of reproductive age with early- and late-onset preeclampsia (12 and 8 patients, respectively). The reference groups included 15 women: 10 with uneventful full-term pregnancy and 5 with preterm operative delivery on gestation weeks 28-33. The expression of TLR8 in placental structures was maximum in early-onset preeclampsia (p<0.01) characterized by the gravest clinical course, while the expression of TLR8 in late-onset preeclampsia was comparable with that in full-term pregnancy. This significant increase of TLR8 expression in placental tissue seemed to reflect activation of the key proinflammatory factors of congenital immunity and induction of the systemic inflammatory response. Manifest differences in the expression of TLR8 in late- and early-onset preeclampsia confirmed the hypothesis on different variants of this condition.
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Nizyaeva, N.V., Amiraslanov, E.Y., Lomova, N.A. et al. Enhanced Expression of TLR8 in Placental Tissue in Preeclampsia. Bull Exp Biol Med 168, 395–399 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10517-020-04717-9