Morphological Characteristic of Melanoma B16 Progression in C57BL/6 Mice with High and Low Resistance to Hypoxia
The features of B16 melanoma progression in male C57BL/6 mice with initially high and low resistance to hypoxia were studied. To assess the resistance to hypoxia, the mice were placed in a low-pressure chamber at a simulated altitude of 10,000 m. One month after testing, B16 melanoma was inoculated to high- and low-resistant animals. In 19 days after melanoma transplantation, the severity of melanoma progression was assessed by morphological and immunofluorescent methods. The expression of vegf-a and hif-1a in the liver of melanomabearing and control mice was evaluated by real-time PCR. Tumor growth progression was more pronounced in low-resistant mice, which was seen from high weight of the primary tumor node, relative necrosis area, proliferation rates (mitotic index and number of Ki-67+ cells), and expression of vegf-a gene in the liver. In high-resistant to hypoxia animals, the number of caspase-3+ cells dying by apoptosis was higher. The data on more rapid melanoma progression in mice with low resistance to hypoxia should be considered during the search of new prognostic markers and methods for therapy of malignant neoplasms.
Key Wordsmelanoma B16 VEGF Ki-67 caspasa-3 Hif-1α
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