We studied the influence of the estrous cycle on the morphology of preovulatory (germinal vesicle, GV) oocytes in mice and their capacity to meiotic maturation in vitro. After standard injections of eCG gonadotropin (PMSG, Follimag) to females at different stages of the estrous cycle, the maximum levels of GV oocytes (26±1/mouse) were isolated from the ovaries of animals injected with the hormone during estrus. The capacity of isolated GV oocytes to meiotic maturation in vitro decreased in the following order: estrus (75.5±2.3%), metestrus (67.9±3.4%), proestrus (57.8±4.4%), and diestrus (50.6±5.6%); the differences between estrus and diestrus/proestrus were significant (p<0.05). After eCG injections during estrus, GV oocytes differed from other oocytes by lesser total diameter, lesser diameter of cytoplasm, lesser thickness of zona pellucida, and moderately dilated perivitelline space. These signs reflected higher competence of the “estrous” GV oocytes for meiotic maturation in vitro. Hormone stimulation of females with eCG, with consideration for the stage of the estrous cycle, seems to be an effective method for improving the quality of GV oocytes isolated from mouse ovaries.
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Translated from Byulleten’ Eksperimental’noi Biologii i Meditsiny, Vol. 168, No. 9, pp. 359-364, September, 2019
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Ryabukha, Y.A., Petrova, D.A. & Zatsepina, O.V. Quality of Preovulatory (GV) Oocytes in Mice after Injection of eCG at Various Stages of the Estrous Cycle. Bull Exp Biol Med 168, 385–389 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10517-020-04715-x
- estrous cycle
- eCG (PMSG, Follimag)
- preovulatory (GV) oocytes
- meiotic maturation in vitro (IVM)