Mechanisms of Pulmonary Toxicity of Perfluoro-n-Alkane Pyrolysis Products with Consideration of the Structural Features of the Blood—Air Barriers

Perfluoroisobutylene a is pulmonotoxic chemical generated during pyrolysis of perfluoro-nalkanes (polytetrafluoroethylene). The mechanisms of acute pulmonary toxicity induced by perfluoroisobutylene have not been studied yet. The analysis of tissues of brown frogs showed that the products of polytetrafluoroethylene pyrolysis induce typical inflammatory response in the lungs (fluid accumulation, erythrocyte stasis, desquamation of the epithelium, and capillary plethora in lung septa) and oropharyngeal cavity (degeneration of ciliated epithelium, hyperemia of underlying vessels with plasmatic imbibition of the connective tissue, and margination of segmented leukocytes and monocytes). The absence of surfactant is a specific feature of the blood—air barrier of the oropharyngeal cavity in frogs compared to the lungs. It can be hypothesized that toxic effects of perfluoroisobutylene are determined by its influence on epithelial (pneumocytes and cells of nonkeratinized stratified ciliated epithelium) and endothelial cells. Even though the effects of the agent on surfactant cannot be excluded, they do not determine the probability of development of inflammatory response.

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Correspondence to P. G. Tolkach.

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Translated from Byulleten’ Eksperimental’noi Biologii i Meditsiny, Vol. 168, No. 9, pp. 313-317, September, 2019

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Tolkach, P.G., Basharin, V.A., Chepur, S.V. et al. Mechanisms of Pulmonary Toxicity of Perfluoro-n-Alkane Pyrolysis Products with Consideration of the Structural Features of the Blood—Air Barriers. Bull Exp Biol Med 168, 345–348 (2020) doi:10.1007/s10517-020-04705-z

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Key Words

  • perfluoro-n-alkanes
  • perfluoroisobutylene-induced acute lung injury
  • frog
  • blood—air barrier