Role of GABAA Receptors in the Mechanism of In Vivo Psychotropic Activity of Amitriptyline in Rats
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Standard water-reinforced drug discrimination model was employed to train Wistar rats to discriminate the intraperitoneal injections of tricyclic antidepressant amitriptyline (5.4 mg/kg) and physiological saline. To examine the role of GABAA receptors in psychotropic action of amitriptyline, the substitution tests were performed with muscimol (0.1-1.0 mg/kg) and pregnenolone (30-50 mg/kg). Similar tests were carried out with amitriptyline interoceptive antagonists bicuculline (1 mg/kg), flumazenil (15 mg/kg), finasteride (5 mg/kg), and indomethacin (7.5 mg/kg). The study showed that interoceptive effects of amitriptyline depend on functional activity of GABAA receptors but not on the neurosteroid site of GABAA receptor complex.
Key Wordsdrug discrimination GABAA receptors tricyclic antidepressant amitriptyline rats
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