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Effect of Combined Antimicrobial Therapy on Ischemia/Reperfusion Myocardial Injury in Rats with Acute Inflammation of the Large Intestine against the Background of Alimentary Obesity

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We studied the effect of combined antimicrobial therapy with amoxicillin, metronidazole, and clarithromycin on the severity of ischemia/reperfusion myocardial injury in Wistar rats with alimentary obesity and acute inflammation of the large intestine. General ischemia/reperfusion was reproduced on Langendorff-perfused isolated hearts and infarct size was estimated. Acute inflammation of the large intestine was accompanied by an increase in the blood levels of proinflammatory cytokines. The presence of obesity and acute inflammation of the large intestine did not significantly affect the infarct size in comparison with the control. Administration of antimicrobial drugs to animals with obesity and acute inflammation of the large intestine led to a significant increase in the infarct size, which should be considered when prescribing antimicrobial therapy to patients with comorbidity.

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Correspondence to M. M. Galagudza.

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Translated from Byulleten’ Eksperimental’noi Biologii i Meditsiny, Vol. 168, No. 9, pp. 272-276, September, 2019

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Burovenko, I.Y., Borshchev, Y.Y., Minasian, S.M. et al. Effect of Combined Antimicrobial Therapy on Ischemia/Reperfusion Myocardial Injury in Rats with Acute Inflammation of the Large Intestine against the Background of Alimentary Obesity. Bull Exp Biol Med 168, 309–312 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10517-020-04697-w

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Key Words

  • antimicrobial agents
  • isolated heart
  • ischemia
  • infarct size