Some Peculiarities of Local Distribution of Multipotent Mesenchymal Stromal Cells after Their Injection into Intact Muscle Tissue in Experiment
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Changes in the muscular tissue after subcutaneous injection of autologous bone marrow multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells transfected with GFP gene and additionally stained with cell membrane dye Vybrant CM-Dil in the projection of ligated femoral vein were studied by light microscopy with luminescence. Stromal cells injected through the skin can appear not only in the damaged tissue where acceleration of regeneration processes is required, but also in intact structures located in superficial or deeper layers. In intact muscular tissue, stromal cells spreading in the perivascular tissue initiate inflammation and migration of macrophages, activate and even trigger sclerotic processes due to differentiation into connective tissue cells (fibroblasts) and stimulation of proliferation and collagen synthesis by host fibroblasts. Injected multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells are gradually phagocytized by macrophages.
Keywordsmultipotent mesenchymal stromal cells muscular tissue inflammation sclerosis macrophages
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