Comparative Study of Antitumor Efficiency of Intraperitoneal and Intravenous Cytostatics in Experimental Rats with Disseminated Ovarian Cancer
Antitumor efficiencies of cytostatics dioxadet, cisplatin, mitomycin C, melphalan, and paclitaxel after a single intraperitoneal or intravenous injection in doses of 1.5, 4, 1.5, 2, and 5 mg/kg, respectively, were studied on the model of transplanted ovarian tumor in 124 rats. The antitumor effects were evaluated by the increase in median survival. Dioxadet, cisplatin, and melphalan injected intraperitoneally significantly prolonged the lifespan median – by 79, 88, and 114%, respectively, and were in fact ineffective, when injected intravenously. Intraperitoneal mitomycin C prolonged lifespan median by just 35%, intravenous – by 152%. Paclitaxel injected intraperitoneally and intravenously prolonged the lifespan median by 45 and 81%, respectively.
Key Wordsovarian cancer intraperitoneal chemotherapy antitumor drugs
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