, Volume 28, Issue 5, pp 507–519 | Cite as

Memory as a Property of Nature

  • Ted DaceEmail author
Original Paper


Prerequisite to memory is a past distinct from present. Because wave evolution is both continuous and time-reversible, the undisturbed quantum system lacks a distinct past and therefore the possibility of memory. With the quantum transition, a reversibly evolving superposition of values yields to an irreversible emergence of definite values in a distinct and transient moment of time. The succession of such moments generates an irretrievable past and thus the possibility of memory. Bohm’s notion of implicate and explicate order provides a conceptual basis for memory as a general feature of nature akin to gravity and electromagnetism. I propose that natural memory is an outcome of the continuity of implicate time in the context of discontinuous explicate time. Among the ramifications of natural memory are that laws of nature can propagate through time much like habits and that personal memory does not require neural information storage.


Time Wave function Decoherence Implicate order Laws of nature Mind and brain 



The author wishes to thank Hannah Froggatt of the Springer Transfer Desk for her patience and persistence and an anonymous reviewer whose critical comments were instrumental in bringing this paper to fruition.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of KansasLawrenceUSA
  2. 2.Kansas CityUSA

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