, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 269–291 | Cite as

Transitions Versus Dissociations: A Paradigm Shift in Unconscious Cognition

  • Luis M. Augusto


Since Freud and his co-author Breuer spoke of dissociation in 1895, a scientific paradigm was painstakingly established in the field of unconscious cognition. This is the dissociation paradigm. However, recent critical analysis of the many and various reported dissociations reveals their blurred, or unveridical, character. Moreover, we remain ignorant with respect to the ways cognitive phenomena transition from consciousness to an unconscious mode (or the reverse). This hinders us from filling in the puzzle of the unified mind. We conclude that we have reached a Kuhnian crisis in the field of unconscious cognition, and we predict that new models, incorporating partly the relevant findings of the dissociation paradigm—but also of dynamic psychology—, will soon be established. We further predict that some of these models will be largely based on the pairs representation–process and analog–digital.


Conscious and unconscious cognition Scientific paradigm Dissociations Transitions Representations–processes Analog–digital Dynamic aspects 


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Luis M. Augusto
    • 1
  1. 1.MadridSpain

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