, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp 15–78 | Cite as

Situated Ideological Systems: A Formal Concept, a Computational Notation, some Applications

  • Antônio Carlos da Rocha CostaEmail author
Original Paper


This paper introduces a formal concept of ideology and ideological system. The formalization takes ideologies and ideological systems to be situated in agent societies. An ideological system is defined as a system of operations able to create, maintain, and extinguish the ideologies adopted by the social groups of agent societies. The concepts of group ideology, ideological contradiction, ideological dominance, and dominant ideology of an agent society, are defined. An ideology-based concept of social group is introduced. Relations between the proposed formal concept of ideology and the classical concepts of ideology elaborated in social sciences are examined. A computational notation is presented, to support the realization of ideological systems in computationally implemented agent societies. The adequacy of the approach for the formal modeling and analysis of ideological issues is illustrated through three case studies.


Ideologies Ideological systems Agent societies Computational notation for situated ideological systems Formal modeling and analysis of ideological issues 



The author thanks Helder Coelho, Agemir Bavaresco and the anonymous referees for their comments and suggestions. CAPES, FAPERGS and CNPq (Grant No. 310423/2014-7) contributed partial financial support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.PPGComp - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande - FURGRio GrandeBrazil
  2. 2.PGIE - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - UFRGSPorto AlegreBrazil

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