, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 157–186 | Cite as

Abduction, Complex Inferences, and Emergent Heuristics of Scientific Inquiry

  • John R. Shook
Original Paper


The roles of abductive inference in dynamic heuristics allows scientific methodologies to test novel explanations for the world’s ways. Deliberate reasoning often follows abductive patterns, as well as patterns dominated by deduction and induction, but complex mixtures of these three modes of inference are crucial for scientific explanation. All possible mixed inferences are formulated and categorized using a novel typology and nomenclature. Twenty five possible combinations among abduction, induction, and deduction are assembled and analyzed in order of complexity. There are five primary categories for sorting these inferential procedures: fallacies, non-scientific procedures, quasi-scientific procedures, scientific procedures, and scientific heuristics.


Abduction Deduction Induction Scientific method Heuristics 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Philosophy Department, 135 Park HallUniversity at BuffaloBuffaloUSA

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