Autonomous Robots

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 97–110 | Cite as

A comparison of learning strategies for biologically constrained development of gaze control on an iCub robot

  • Patricia Shaw
  • James Law
  • Mark Lee


Gaze control requires the coordination of movements of both eyes and head to fixate on a target. We present a biologically constrained architecture for gaze control and show how the relationships between the coupled sensorimotor systems can be learnt autonomously from scratch, allowing for adaptation as the system grows or changes. Infant studies suggest developmental learning strategies, which can be applied to sensorimotor learning in humanoid robots. We examine two strategies (sequential and synchronous) for the learning of eye and head coupled mappings, and give results from implementations on an iCub robot. The results show that the developmental approach can give fast, cumulative, on-line learning of coupled sensorimotor systems.


Developmental robotics Gaze control Sensorimotor learning Eye-head coordination  Humanoid robotics 



This research has received funds from the European Community 7th Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013), “Challenge 2—Cognitive Systems, Interaction, Robotics”, Grant Agreement No. ICT-IP-231722, project “IM-CLeVeR—Intrinsically Motivated Cumulative Learning Versatile Robots”.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceAberystwyth UniversityAberystwythUK

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