Autonomous Robots

, Volume 36, Issue 1–2, pp 67–78 | Cite as

Design and control of a three-fingered tendon-driven robotic hand with active and passive tendons

  • Ryuta Ozawa
  • Kazunori Hashirii
  • Yohtaro Yoshimura
  • Michinori Moriya
  • Hiroaki Kobayashi


This paper presents a design of a three-fingered robotic hand driven by active and passive tendons and proposes control methods for this hand. The tendon-driven robotic hand consists of the thumb, the index and the middle fingers. The robotic thumb can move all the joints independently. In contrast, the index and the middle robotic fingers are under-actuated using the combination of active and passive tendons, and move the terminal two joints synchronously, which is one of the important features of the human digits. We present passivity-based impedance and force controllers for tendon-driven robotic fingers and discuss how to combine them for fast and secure grasps. We experimentally validate that the robotic hand moves fast and manipulates an object and demonstrate that the robotic hand grasps objects in diverse ways.


Robotic hand Tendon-driven mechanisms Manipulation Design 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryuta Ozawa
    • 1
  • Kazunori Hashirii
    • 2
  • Yohtaro Yoshimura
    • 3
  • Michinori Moriya
    • 4
  • Hiroaki Kobayashi
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of RoboticsRitsumeikan UniversityShiga Japan
  2. 2.Research & Development DivisionNabel Co., Ltd.KyotoJapan
  3. 3.Mitsubishi Electric CorporationTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Construction Machinery Engineering DepartmentKubota CorporationOsakaJapan
  5. 5.Department of Mechanical Engineering InformaticsMeiji UniversityKanagawa Japan

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