Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Theoretical Basis for Using Hydrogen Reduction in Titanium Production

  • 5 Accesses

It is proposed that the cost of production of titanium sponge can be lowered by replacing the expensive and environmentally hazardous Mg-thermal conversion process by hydrogen reduction of titanium tetrachloride. The Kroll process, which is mainly used to produce titanium, is costly, which determines the high cost of titanium sponge. The reprocessing of titanium sponge into ingots requires large amounts of energy and specialized equipment. Preliminary research shows that hydrogen reduction of titanium with significant production cost reduction and enhanced environmental compatibility of the process is theoretically possible.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.

    “Titanium prices have stabilized on the world market In the last two months,” Kazakhstan Today, https://www.kt.kz/rus/economy/na_mirovom_rinke_titana_za_poslednie_dva_mesjaca_ceni_stabilizirovalisj_obzor_1153582958.html.

  2. 2.

    World Market for Titanium: Trends and Prospects, www.ereport.ru/articles/commod/titanium.htm.

  3. 3.

    A. Hartman, S. Gerdeman, and J. Hansen, “Producing lower cost titanium for automotive applications,” JOM, Sept., 16–19 (1998).

  4. 4.

    Titanium: Past, Present and Future, NMAB-392, Washington, NRC (1983).

  5. 5.

    E. S. Borovinskaya and V. P. Reshetilovskii, “Prospects for intensifying heterogeneous processes in microreactors,” Ros. Khim. Zh., 55, No. 2, 78–84 (2011).

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to B. O. Duisebaev.

Additional information

Translated from Atomnaya Énergiya, Vol. 127, No. 2, pp. 113–114, August, 2019.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Duisebaev, B.O., Baitasov, K.M. & Mukusheva, A.S. Theoretical Basis for Using Hydrogen Reduction in Titanium Production. At Energy 127, 127–129 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10512-019-00597-z

Download citation