Conditions and Initial Data for Reconstructing the Environmental Radioactive Contamination and Population Dose Loads Resulting from a Nuclear Accident on a Nuclear Submarine in Bukhta Chazhma
- 1 Downloads
Refined initial data are presented for retrospective prediction and analysis of the radiation conditions in Primorskii Krai after a nuclear accident on a nuclear submarine on August 10, 1985 in Bukhta Chazhma. The initial and boundary conditions are substantiated, including sources of radioactive contamination of the environment, emission intensity of the determining dose-generating radionuclides, weather conditions, and particulars of the transport of the radioactive cloud above the ship repair yard, Dunai Peninsula, Zemlya Petra Velikogo, and Primorskii Krai territory. Substantiation is given for choosing the systems PARRAD and ROUZ for reconstruction of past events to predict the transport and spreading of radioactive substances in the atmosphere, making it possible to evaluate the radiation consequences of the accident for the population of Primor’ya and the adjoining part of China, including environmental contamination, taking into account actual data, numerical estimates, and reconstructed weather conditions for the period of the accident and on the days preceding and following it.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.A. A. Sarkisov and V. L. Vysotskii, “Nuclear accident on a nuclear submarine in Bukhta Chazhma,” Vest. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 88, No. 7, 599–618 (2018).Google Scholar
- 2.Yu. V. Sivintsev, S. M. Vakulovskii, V. L. Vysotskii, et al., Technogenic Radionuclides in the Seas Laving Russia. Radioecological Consequences of Dumping Radioactive Waste into the Arctic and Far Eastern Seas: White Book 2000, IzdAT, Moscow (2005).Google Scholar
- 4.K. Compton, V. N. Novikov, F. Parker, et al., The Radioactive Legacy of the Russian Pacific Fleet Operations and its Potential Impact on Neighboring Countries: Final Review Draft, IIASA , Laxenburg, Austria (2002).Google Scholar
- 5.Cross-Border Environmental Problems Emanating from Defense-Related Installations and Activities. NATO/CCMS Pilot Study Phase 11 1995–1998. Final Rep., Vol. 4, Environmental Risk Assessment for Two Defense-Related Problems, Rep. No. 227 (1998).Google Scholar
- 6.R. V. Arutyunyan, V. A. Danilyan, V. L. Vysotskii, et al., Analysis and Assessment of the Radioecological Consequences of a Nuclear Accident in Bukhta Chazhma, Preprint No. IBRAE1998-09 (1998).Google Scholar
- 7.S. A. Bogatov and A. A. Kiselev, “Modeling of the distribution of radionuclides in an accident in Bukhta Chazhma, taking into account the polydispersity and orography of the area,” At. Energ., 112, No. 4, 233–236 (2012).Google Scholar
- 8.S. A. Bogatov, V. A. Danilyan, V. P. Kiselev, et al., Estimation of the Yield of Radionuclides for a Number of Hypothetical Accidents at Naval Facilities, Preprint No. IBRAE2001-07 (2001).Google Scholar
- 9.R. V. Arutyunyan, D. A. Pripachkin, O. S. Sorokovikova, et al., “The PARRAD system and its tests on real atmospheric emissions of radioactive substances,” At. Energ., 121, No. 3, 69–73 (2016).Google Scholar
- 10.D. V. Dzama and O. S. Sorokovikova, “Verification of a mathematical model for calculating the radiation dose from a radioactive cloud of arbitrary shape, taking screening by buildings into account,” At. Energ., 12, No. 6, 351–354 (2016).Google Scholar
- 11.R. V. Arutyunyan, L. A. Bolshov, D. A. Pripachkin, et al., “Estimation of the release of radionuclides in the accident at the Fukushima-1 nuclear power plant (Japan),” At. Energ., 112, No. 3, 159–163 (2012).Google Scholar
- 12.W. Skamarock, J. Klemp, J. Dudhia, et al., A Description of the Advanced Research WRF, Vers. 3, USA, NCAR/TN–475+STR (2008), p. 113.Google Scholar
- 13.E. L. Tchaikovskaya, V. L. Vysotskii, and D. V. Gichev, “Patterns of the formation of radiation conditions in the territory of Primorskii Krai,” At. Energ., 91, No. 3, 223–237 (2001).Google Scholar