The possibilities of minimizing the volume of waste are examined for the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel from VVER-1000 and the matrix material for high-level wastes. The analysis takes into account the designbasis isotopic composition of VVER-1000 spent fuel and the current normative base in the sphere of waste management. It is shown that deep underground disposal of radioactive wastes cannot be avoided at the present stage of development of the reprocessing technologies for the spent fuel from thermal reactors and with the existing legislation associated with the conditions of use of matrices for solidification of wastes and the conditions of waste disposal. Variant methods for decreasing the volume of underground disposal of radwaste are proposed.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation, No. 1069, On the Criteria for Classifying Solid, Liquid and Gaseous Waste as Radioactive Wastes, the Criteria for Classifying Radioactive Waste as Special Radioactive Waste and Disposable Radioactive Waste, and Classification Criteria for Disposable Radioactive Waste, Oct. 19, 2012, http//ivo.garant.ru/document.
“Criteria for the acceptability of radioactive waste for disposal (NP093-14),” Yad. Radioats. Bezopasn., No. 3 (77), 59–82 (2015).
Order of the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment of the Russian Federation, No. 89, On the Initial Establishment of Tariffs for Radwaste Disposal, March 13, 2013, registered at the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation on May 21, 2013, No. 28445.
Order of the State Corporation Rosatom, No. 1/24-NPA, July 7, 2014.
NP-019–15, Collection, Reprocessing, Storage, and Conditioning of Liquid Radwaste. Safety Requirements, No. 0001201507300005, July 30, 2015, www.pravo.gov.ru.
“Changes to the Federal Norms and Regulations on the Use of Nuclear Energy “Collection, processing, storage and conditioning of LRW. Safety requirements.” NP-019-15,” Yad. Radiats. Bezopasn. Proekty Norm. Dok., No. 3 (81), 1–2 (2016).
A. K. Gorokhov, Yu. G. Dragunov, G. L. Lunin, et al., Validation of the Neutronic and Radiation Parts of VVER Designs, IkTs Akademkniga, Moscow (2004).
RB-093-14, Safety Guide for the Use of Atomic Energy. Radiation and Thermophysical Characteristics of Spent Nuclear Fuel from Water-Cooled Power Reactors and High-Power Channel Reactors, March 26, 2014.
Yu. M. Semchenkov, V. A. Sidorenko, P. N. Alekseev, et al., “Development of a VVER design for operation in a closed nuclear fuel cycle,” in: 3rd Int. Sci. Techn. Conf. on Innovative Designs and Technologies of Nuclear Energy, Oct. 7–10, 2014, NIKIET (2014), Vol. 1, pp. 71–82.
D. G. Modestov, Certif. State Reg. Comp. Progr., No. 2018660395, “Module for calculating composition changes in nuclear decay reactions (MIR),” Aug. 22, 2018.
D. G. Modestov, “Solution of the equations of radioactive decay,” Vopr. At. Nauki Tekh, Ser. Mat. Model. Fiz. Prots., No. 3, 54–58 (2006).
D. G. Modestov, Certif. State Reg. Comp. Progr., No. 2016610657, “Library of auxiliary modules SERVICE (“SERVICE”),” Jan. 15, 2016.
A. I. Blokhin and V. M. Chernov, “Studies of the nuclear physical characteristics of zirconium alloys in neutron fields of VVER-1000 reactor facilities,” Vopr. At. Nauki Tekhn. Ser. Materialoved. Novye Mater., No. 4 (83), 130–137 (2015).
A. Yu. Shadrin, K. N. Dvoeglazov, V. A. Kashcheev, et al., “Development of technology for reprocessing SNF of fast neutron reactors – interim results,” in: Abstr. 9th Russ. Conf. Radiochemistry-2018, St. Petersburg (2018), p. 340.
Translated from Atomnaya Énergiya, Vol. 127, No. 8, pp. 82–87, August, 2019.
About this article
Cite this article
Kashcheev, V.A., Shadrin, A.Y., Rykovanov, G.N. et al. Radwaste Volume from VVER-1000 Spent Fuel Reprocessing and Fractionation Variants. At Energy 127, 93–98 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10512-019-00591-5