Advertisement

Atomic Energy

, Volume 125, Issue 5, pp 345–350 | Cite as

Features of Radiological and Biological Actions of 14C on Living Organisms and the Danger of its Accumulation in the Earth’s Biosphere

  • V. P. Rublevskii
  • V. N. Yatsenko
Article
  • 4 Downloads

Interest in 14C is increasing in connection with its accumulation in the Earth’s biosphere. Participating in exchange processes as a biogenic analog of stable carbon it penetrates into all organs and tissues of living organisms. The danger of its accumulation in the Earth’s biosphere is determined by a particular feature of the damaging action incorporated in living organisms. These particularities and as a result the danger for mankind and individual groups of the population living in regions containing sources of 14C are briefly examined in this article.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Man: Biomedical Data, ICRP Publication 23, Meditsina, Moscow (1977).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    V. P. Rublevskii, S. P. Golenetskyii, and G. S. Kirdin, Radioactive Carbon in the Biosphere, Atomizdat, Moscow (1979).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sources, Effects and Risks of Ionizing Radiation, United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation, Rep. 1988, United Nations, NY (1988).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ionizing Radiation: Sources and Biological Effects, UNSCEAR Report, New York (1982), Vol. 1.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    V. P. Rublevskii, V. N. Yatsenko, and E. G. Chanyshev, The Role of Carbon-14 in Technogenic Irradiation of Man, IzdAT, Moscow (2004).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    L. M. Gracheva and V. G. Korolev, Genetic Effects of the Decay of Radionuclides in Cells, Atomizdat, Moscow (1977).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    N. A. Strelnikov, The Role of the Radiation and Transmutation Effect in the Biological Action of 14C and 32 P: Auth. Abstr. Candid. Dissert. Biol. Sci., TsNIRRI, Leningrad (1971).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    L. Pauling, “Genetic and somatic effects of carbon-14,” Science, 128, No. 3333, 1183 (1958).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Totter, M. Zelle, and H. Hollister, “Hazard to man of carbon-14,” Science, 128, No. 3337, 1490 (1958).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. D. Pomerantsev, “Genetic efficiency of various types of ionizing radiation,” Radiobiologiya, 4, No. 6, 810–817 (1964).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    I. Ya. Vasilenko, V. A. Osipov, A. M. Lyaginskaya, et al., Kinetics of Metabolism and the Biological Effect of Radioactive Carbon ( 14 C), TsNIIatominform, Moscow (1988).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. M. Germanskii, “Radiocarbon and natural mortality,” CBio.ru (2005), http://cbio.ru/page/43/id/1763/.
  13. 13.
    A. M. Germanskii, “Historical dynamics of the biological component of mortality in Sweden and Norway,” CBio.ru (2003), http://gealeksandr.narod.ru.
  14. 14.
    A. M. Germanskii, “Radioactive carbon natural background and natural mortality of people,” CBio.ru (2005), http://gealeksandr.narod.ru.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. P. Rublevskii
    • 1
  • V. N. Yatsenko
    • 1
  1. 1.State Science Center of the Russian Federation – Burnazyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center, Federal Medical-Biological AgencyMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations