Astrophysics and Space Science

, 364:204 | Cite as

Radio emission from interstellar shocks: Young type Ia supernova remnants and the case of N 103B in the Large Magellanic Cloud

  • R. Z. E. Alsaberi
  • L. A. Barnes
  • M. D. Filipović
  • N. I. Maxted
  • H. Sano
  • G. Rowell
  • L. M. Bozzetto
  • S. Gurovich
  • D. Urošević
  • D. Onić
  • B.-Q. For
  • P. Manojlović
  • G. Wong
  • T. J. Galvin
  • P. Kavanagh
  • N. O. Ralph
  • E. J. Crawford
  • M. Sasaki
  • F. Haberl
  • P. Maggi
  • N. F. H. Tothill
  • Y. Fukui
Original Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Plasma, Particles, and Photons: ISM Physics Revisited


We investigate young type Ia supernova remnants (SNRs) in our Galaxy and neighbouring galaxies in order to understand their properties and early stage of their evolution. Here we present a radio continuum study based on new and archival data from the Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) towards N 103B, a young (≤1000 yrs) spectroscopically confirmed type Ia SNR in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) and proposed to have originated from a single degenerate (SD) progenitor. The radio morphology of this SNR is asymmetrical with two bright regions towards the north-west and south-west of the central location as defined by radio emission.

N 103B identified features include: a radio spectral index of \(-0.75\pm 0.01\) (consistent with other young type Ia SNRs in the Galaxy); a bulk SNR expansion rate as in X-rays; morphology and polarised electrical field vector measurements where we note radial polarisation peak towards the north-west of the remnant at both 5500 and 9000 MHz. The spectrum is concave-up and the most likely reason is the non-linear diffusive shock acceleration (NLDSA) effects or presence of two different populations of ultra-relativistic electrons.

We also note unpolarised clumps near the south-west region which is in agreement with this above scenario. We derive a typical magnetic field strength for N 103B of 16.4 μG for an average rotation measurement of \(200~\mbox{rad}\,\mbox{m}^{-2}\). However, we estimate the equipartition field to be of the order of ∼235 μG with an estimated minimum energy of \(E_{\mathrm{min}}=6.3\times 10^{48}~\mbox{erg}\). The close (\(\sim 0.5^{\circ }\)) proximity of N 103B to the LMC mid-plane indicates that an early encounter with dense interstellar medium may have set an important constrain on SNR evolution.

Finally, we compare features of N 103B to six other young type Ia SNRs in the LMC and Galaxy, with a range of proposed degeneracy scenarios to highlight potential differences due to a different models. We suggest that the single degenerate scenario might point to morphologically asymmetric type Ia supernova explosions.


ISM: individual objects: N 103B ISM: supernova remnants Radio continuum: ISM Supernovae: general 



The Australian Compact Array is part of the Australian Telescope which is funded by the Commonwealth of Australia for operation as National Facility managed by CSIRO. This paper includes archived data obtained through the Australia Telescope Online Archive ( We used the karma and miriad software packages developed by the ATNF.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Western Sydney UniversityPenrith South DCAustralia
  2. 2.School of Science, Australian Defence Force AcademyUniversity of New South WalesCanberraAustralia
  3. 3.Institute for Advanced ResearchNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  4. 4.School of Physical SciencesUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  5. 5.Instituto de Astronomía Teórica y ExperimentalObservatorio Astronómico Coŕdoba (IATE-OAC-UNC-CONICET)CordobaArgentina
  6. 6.Department of Astronomy, Faculty of MathematicsUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  7. 7.International Centre for Radio Astronomy ResearchUniversity of Western AustraliaCrawleyAustralia
  8. 8.ARC Centre of Excellence for All Sky Astrophysics in 3 Dimensions (ASTRO 3D)ASTRO 3DAustralia
  9. 9.CSIRO Astronomy and Space SciencesAustralia Telescope National FacilityEppingAustralia
  10. 10.International Centre for Radio Astronomy ResearchCurtin UniversityBentleyAustralia
  11. 11.School of Cosmic PhysicsDublin Institute for Advanced StudiesDublin 2Ireland
  12. 12.Remeis Observatory and ECAPUniversität Erlangen-NürnbergBambergGermany
  13. 13.Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische PhysikGarchingGermany
  14. 14.CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550Université de StrasbourgStrasbourgFrance

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