Astrophysics and Space Science

, 364:200 | Cite as

The 27-day periodicity and its sub harmonics

  • Y. P. SinghEmail author
  • Badruddin
Original Article


Significant short-term variations of ≈1.7, ≈2.4, ≈2.8, ≈3.3, ≈3.8 days periods are found when high resolution data (five minutes average) of interplanetary electric field (Ey), south ward component of magnetic field (Bz) and geomagnetic index (AE) is subjected to wavelet analysis. The fourth, fifth, sixth sub harmonics of ≈27-day period, and few other short-term periods are significantly reported by Singh and Badruddin (Astrophys. Space Sci. 359:60, 2015a; Solar Phys. 290:3071, 2015b and Solar Phys. 294:27, 2019) in cosmic ray intensity, geomagnetic activity index and various solar wind plasma and field parameters. The reported and observed periods ≈6.8 day, ≈5.5 day, ≈4.4 day, ≈3.9 day, ≈3.4 day, ≈3.0 day, ≈2.8 day, ≈2.4 day, ≈2.2 day, ≈2.0 day, ≈1.9 day, ≈1.8 day; and ≈1.7 day are close to integral multiples of 1/4, 1/5, 1/6, 1/7, 1/8, 1/9, 1/10, 1/11, 1/12, 1/13, 1/14, 1/15 and 1/16 of one solar rotation period (≈27.0 day), hence these periods could be sub harmonics of fundamental period (≈27 day). If so, then these results lead to infer some sort of continuous simultaneous oscillations of active regions having integral multiple frequencies and varying amplitudes occurring on the solar disc.


27-day variation Sub harmonics Solar wind Solar cycle Wavelet analysis 



We gratefully acknowledge the use of solar wind plasma data from the Space Science Data Centre ( The wavelet software provided by C. Torrence and G. Compo is acknowledged with thanks.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Applied SciencesMangalayatan UniversityAligarhIndia
  2. 2.Astronomy Department, Faculty of ScienceKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia

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