Astrophysics and Space Science

, 362:230 | Cite as

Morphology of Seyfert galaxies

  • Yen-Chen ChenEmail author
  • Chorng-Yuan Hwang
Original Article


We probed the relation between properties of Seyfert nuclei and morphology of their host galaxies. We selected Seyfert galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey with redshifts less 0.2 identified by the Véron Catalog (13th). We used the “\(\mathit{FracDev}\)” parameter from SDSS galaxy fitting models to represent the bulge fractions of the Seyfert host galaxies. We found that the host galaxies of Seyfert 1 and Seyfert 2 are dominated by large bulge fractions, and Seyfert 2 galaxies are more likely to be located in disk galaxies whereas most of the Seyfert 1 galaxies are located in bulge-dominant galaxies. These results indicate that the types of AGNs are related to their host galaxies and can not be explained by the traditional unification model of Seyfert galaxies.


Galaxies: Seyfert Galaxies: active Galaxies: statistics 



This work is supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan (grant MOST 106-2119-M-008-016). We thank L. Kewley, P.C. Yu, M.C. Tsai, Z.Y. Chen, J.C. Huang, and Y.L. Chang for discussion and comments.

Funding for SDSS-III has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Participating Institutions, the National Science Foundation, and the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. The SDSS-III web site is SDSS-III is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium for the Participating Institutions of the SDSS-III Collaboration including the University of Arizona, the Brazilian Participation Group, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Florida, the French Participation Group, the German Participation Group, Harvard University, the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, the Michigan State/Notre Dame/JINA Participation Group, Johns Hopkins University, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, New Mexico State University, New York University, Ohio State University, Pennsylvania State University, University of Portsmouth, Princeton University, the Spanish Participation Group, University of Tokyo, University of Utah, Vanderbilt University, University of Virginia, University of Washington, and Yale University.

This research has made use of the NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED) which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.


  1. Adams, T.F.: Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 33, 19 (1977) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ahn, C.P., Alexandroff, R., Allende Prieto, C., et al.: Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 211, 17 (2014) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Antonucci, R.R.J.: Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 31, 473 (1993) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Antonucci, R.R.J., Miller, J.S.: Astrophys. J. 297, 621 (1985) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Baldwin, J.A., Phillips, M.M., Terlevich, R.: Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 93, 5 (1981) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bernardi, M., Nichol, R.C., Sheth, R.K., Miller, C.J., Brinkmann, J.: Astron. J. 131, 1288 (2006) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Brinchmann, J., Charlot, S., White, S.D.M., et al.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 351 1151 (2004) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Elitzur, M.: Astrophys. J. 747, L33 (2012) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Heckman, T.M.: Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 90, 241 (1978) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ho, L.C., Filippenko, A.V., Sargent, W.L.W.: Astrophys. J. 487, 568 (1997) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hunt, L.K., Malkan, M.A.: Astrophys. J. 516, 660 (1999) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kauffmann, G., Heckman, T.M., Tremonti, C., et al.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 346 1055 (2003) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kewley, L.J., Dopita, M.A., Sutherland, R.S., Heisler, C.A., Trevena, J.: Astrophys. J. 556, 121 (2001) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kewley, L.J., Groves, B., Kauffmann, G., Heckman, T.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 372, 961 (2006) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Khachikian, E.Ye., Weedman, D.W.: Astrophys. J. 192, 581 (1974) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Koulouridis, E., Plionis, M., Chavushyan, V., et al.: Astrophys. J. 639, 37 (2006) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Koulouridis, E., Plionis, M., Chavushyan, V., et al.: Astron. Astrophys. 552, A135 (2013) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kuehn, F., Ryden, B.S.: Astrophys. J. 634, 1032 (2005) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lagos, C.D.P., Padilla, N.D., Strauss, M.A., Cora, S.A., Hao, L.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 414 2148 (2011) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lintott, C., et al.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 410 166 (2011) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lintott, C.J., et al.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 389, 1179 (2008) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Maiolino, R., Ruiz, M., Rieke, G.H., Papadopoulos, P.: Astrophys. J. 485, 552 (1997) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Malkan, M.A., Gorjian, V., Tam, R.: Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 117, 25 (1998) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Moles, M., Márquez, I., Pérez, E.: Astrophys. J. 438, 604 (1995) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Oh, K., Choi, H., Kim, H.-G., Moon, J.-S., Yi, S.K.: Astron. J. 146, 151 (2013) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Osterbrock, D.E.: Astrophys. J. 215, 733 (1977) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Osterbrock, D.E.: Astrophys. J. 249, 462 (1981) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Rees, M.J.: Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 22, 471 (1984) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Rowan-Robinson, M.: Astrophys. J. 213, 635 (1977) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rutkowski, M.J., Hegel, P.R., Kim, H., Tamura, K., Windhorst, R.A.: Astron. J. 146, 11 (2013) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Schade, D.J., Boyle, B.J., Letawsky, M.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 315, 498 (2000) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Schawinski, K., Thomas, D., Sarzi, M., et al.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 382 1415 (2007) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Seyfert, K.: Astrophys. J. 97, 28 (1943) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Shuder, J.M., Osterbrock, D.E.: Astrophys. J. 250, 55 (1981) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Slavcheva-Mihova, L., Mihov, B.: Astron. Astrophys. 526, A43 (2011) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Sorrentino, G., Radovich, M., Rifatto, A.: Astron. Astrophys. 451, 809 (2006) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Tasca, L.A.M., White, S.D.M.: Astron. Astrophys. 530, A106 (2011) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Tremonti, C.A., Heckman, T.M., Kauffmann, G., et al.: Astrophys. J. 613, 898 (2004) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Urry, C.M., Padovani, P.: Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 107, 803 (1995) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Veilleux, S., Osterbrock, D.E.: Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 63, 295 (1987) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Véron-Cetty, M.P., Véron, P.: Astron. Astrophys. 518, A10 (2010) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Villarroel, B., Korn, A.: Nat. Phys. 10, 417 (2014) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Villarroel, B., Nyholm, A., Karlsson, T., et al.: Astrophys. J. 837, 110 (2017) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Vincent, R.A., Ryden, B.S.: Astrophys. J. 623, 137 (2005) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Winkler, H.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 257, 677 (1992) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Xanthopoulos, E.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 280, 6 (1996) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate Institute of AstronomyNational Central UniversityChung-LiTaiwan

Personalised recommendations