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Astrophysics and Space Science

, Volume 355, Issue 2, pp 253–266 | Cite as

The outer disks of Herbig stars from the UV to NIR

  • C. Grady
  • M. Fukagawa
  • Y. Maruta
  • Y. Ohta
  • J. Wisniewski
  • J. Hashimoto
  • Y. Okamoto
  • M. Momose
  • T. Currie
  • M. McElwain
  • T. Muto
  • T. Kotani
  • N. Kusakabe
  • M. Feldt
  • M. Sitko
  • K. Follette
  • M. Bonnefoy
  • T. Henning
  • M. Takami
  • J. Karr
  • J. Kwon
  • T. Kudo
  • L. Abe
  • W. Brandner
  • T. Brandt
  • J. Carson
  • S. Egner
  • M. Goto
  • O. Guyon
  • Y. Hayano
  • M. Hayashi
  • S. Hayashi
  • K. Hodapp
  • M. Ishii
  • M. Iye
  • M. Janson
  • R. Kandori
  • G. Knapp
  • M. Kuzuhara
  • T. Matsuo
  • S. Miyama
  • J.-I. Morino
  • A. Moro-Martín
  • T. Nishimura
  • T.-S. Pyo
  • E. Serabyn
  • T. Suenaga
  • H. Suto
  • R. Suzuki
  • Y. H. Takahashi
  • N. Takato
  • H. Terada
  • C. Thalmann
  • D. Tomono
  • E. L. Turner
  • M. Watanabe
  • T. Yamada
  • H. Takami
  • T. Usuda
  • M. Tamura
Invited Review

Abstract

Spatially-resolved imaging of Herbig stars and related objects began with HST, but intensified with commissioning of high-contrast imagers on 8-m class telescopes. The bulk of the data taken from the ground have been polarized intensity imagery at H-band, with the majority of the sources observed as part of the Strategic Exploration of Exoplanets and Disks with Subaru (SEEDS) survey. Sufficiently many systems have been imaged that we discuss disk properties in scattered, polarized light in terms of groups defined by the IR spectral energy distribution. We find novel phenomena in many of the disks, including spiral density waves, and discuss the disks in terms of clearing mechanisms. Some of the disks have sufficient data to map the dust and gas components, including water ice dissociation products.

Keywords

Stars: pre-main sequence Stars: Herbig Ae/Be Protoplanetary disks Planet-disk interactions 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We wish to thank the referee, Glenn Schneider, for helpful comments which improved the quality of this chapter. This research is based in part on data collected at the Subaru Telescope, which is operated by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan. This research has been supported in part by the World Premier International Research Center Initiative, MEXT, Japan. This research has made use of the SIMBAD database and Vizier service, operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France. The authors wish to recognize and acknowledge the very significant cultural role and reverence that the summit of Mauna Kea has always had within the indigenous Hawaiian community. We are most fortunate to have the opportunity to conduct observations from this mountain. CAG has been supported by NSF AST 1008440 and through the NASA Origins of Solar Systems program on NNG13PB64P, as well as by SOF-0026. MWMcE is supported under NASA RTOP 12-OSS12-0045 through the NASA Origins of Solar Systems program. JPW is supported under NSF-AST 1009314 and the NASA Origins of Solar System program under NNX13AK17G. MLS was supported under NASA ADP grant NNX09AC73G and SOF-0026.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Grady
    • 1
  • M. Fukagawa
    • 2
  • Y. Maruta
    • 2
  • Y. Ohta
    • 2
  • J. Wisniewski
    • 3
  • J. Hashimoto
    • 3
  • Y. Okamoto
    • 4
  • M. Momose
    • 4
  • T. Currie
    • 14
    • 5
  • M. McElwain
    • 6
  • T. Muto
    • 7
  • T. Kotani
    • 8
  • N. Kusakabe
    • 8
  • M. Feldt
    • 10
  • M. Sitko
    • 11
  • K. Follette
    • 9
  • M. Bonnefoy
    • 10
  • T. Henning
    • 10
  • M. Takami
    • 12
  • J. Karr
    • 12
  • J. Kwon
    • 15
  • T. Kudo
    • 8
  • L. Abe
    • 16
  • W. Brandner
    • 10
  • T. Brandt
    • 17
  • J. Carson
    • 18
  • S. Egner
    • 14
  • M. Goto
    • 19
  • O. Guyon
    • 14
  • Y. Hayano
    • 14
  • M. Hayashi
    • 8
  • S. Hayashi
    • 14
  • K. Hodapp
    • 20
  • M. Ishii
    • 8
  • M. Iye
    • 8
  • M. Janson
    • 30
  • R. Kandori
    • 14
  • G. Knapp
    • 13
  • M. Kuzuhara
    • 21
  • T. Matsuo
    • 22
  • S. Miyama
    • 23
  • J.-I. Morino
    • 8
  • A. Moro-Martín
    • 24
  • T. Nishimura
    • 14
  • T.-S. Pyo
    • 14
  • E. Serabyn
    • 25
  • T. Suenaga
    • 26
    • 8
  • H. Suto
    • 8
  • R. Suzuki
    • 8
  • Y. H. Takahashi
    • 15
    • 8
  • N. Takato
    • 14
  • H. Terada
    • 14
  • C. Thalmann
    • 27
  • D. Tomono
    • 14
  • E. L. Turner
    • 13
  • M. Watanabe
    • 28
  • T. Yamada
    • 29
  • H. Takami
    • 8
  • T. Usuda
    • 8
  • M. Tamura
    • 15
    • 8
  1. 1.Eureka Scientific and Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 667Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  2. 2.Graduate School of ScienceOsaka UniversityToyonakaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Physics and AstronomyThe University of OklahomaNormanUSA
  4. 4.College of ScienceIbaraki UniversityMitoJapan
  5. 5.Department of Astronomy and AstrophysicsUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  6. 6.Exoplanets and Stellar Astrophysics Laboratory, Code 667NASA’s Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  7. 7.Division of Liberal ArtsKogakuin UniversityShinjuku-kuJapan
  8. 8.National Astronomical Observatory of JapanMitakaJapan
  9. 9.Steward ObservatoryUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  10. 10.Max Planck Institute for AstronomyHeidelbergGermany
  11. 11.Department of PhysicsUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA
  12. 12.Institute of Astronomy and AstrophysicsAcademia SinicaTaipeiTaiwan
  13. 13.Department of Astrophysical SciencesPrinceton UniversityPrincetonUSA
  14. 14.Subaru TelescopeHiloUSA
  15. 15.Department of AstronomyThe University of TokyoBunkyo-kuJapan
  16. 16.Laboratoire Lagrange (UMR 7293)Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Cote d’AzurNice Cedex 2France
  17. 17.Astrophysics DepartmentInstitute for Advanced StudyPrincetonUSA
  18. 18.Department of Physics and AstronomyCollege of CharlestonCharlestonUSA
  19. 19.Universitäts-Sternwarte MünchenLudwig-Maximilians-UniversitätMünchenGermany
  20. 20.Institute for AstronomyUniversity of Hawai’iHiloUSA
  21. 21.Department of Earth and Planetary SciencesTokyo Institute of TechnologyMeguro-kuJapan
  22. 22.Department of AstronomyKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  23. 23.Hiroshima UniversityHigashihiroshimaJapan
  24. 24.Space Telescope Science InstituteBaltimoreUSA
  25. 25.Jet Propulsion LaboratoryCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  26. 26.Department of Astronomical ScienceThe Graduate University for Advanced StudiesMitakaJapan
  27. 27.Institute for AstronomyETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  28. 28.Department of CosmosciencesHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  29. 29.Astronomical InstituteTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  30. 30.Department of AstronomyStockholm University, AlbaNova University CenterStockholmSweden

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