Advertisement

Astrophysics and Space Science

, Volume 339, Issue 1, pp 151–156 | Cite as

Solar cycle distribution of great geomagnetic storms

  • Guiming LeEmail author
  • Ziyu Cai
  • Huaning Wang
  • Yuting Zhu
Original Article

Abstract

The distribution properties of great geomagnetic storms (Dst≤−200 nT) and super geomagnetic storms (Dst≤−300 nT) across the solar cycles (19–23) are investigated. The results show that 73.2% of the great geomagnetic storms took place in the descending phase of the solar cycles. 72.7% of super geomagnetic storms occurred in the descending phase of the solar cycles. About 83% of the great geomagnetic storms appeared during the period from the two years before solar cycle peak and the three years after solar cycle peak time. 90.9% of the super geomagnetic storms appeared between the two years before solar cycle peak and the three years after solar cycle peak. When a solar cycle is very strong, the phenomenon that great geomagnetic storms concentrated during the period from the two years before the solar cycle peak time to the three years after the solar cycle peak time is very prominent. The launch time of space science satellite is suggested according to the distribution properties of great geomagnetic storms and super geomagnetic storms in solar cycles.

Keywords

Solar activity Great geomagnetic storms Sun-earth connection 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are very grateful to the unknown referee for his/her reviewing the paper and helpful suggestion. The Dst indices dada used in the paper are obtained from the World Data Center for Geomagnetism, Kyoto (http://wdc.kugi.kyoto-u.ac.jp/dstdir/). The smoothed monthly sunspot numbers are obtained from the Solar Influences Data Analysis Center (http://sidc.oma.be). This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41074132, 40931056), National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program, Grant No. 2011CB811406). National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2009AA12Z150), National Standard Research Program (Grant No. 10-123).

References

  1. Ajabshirizadeh, A., Masoumzadeh, J.N., Abbassi, S.: Neural network prediction of solar cycle 24. Res. Astron. Astrophys. 11, 491 (2011) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Akasofu, S.-I.: Energy coupling between the solar wind and the magnetosphere. Space Sci. Rev. 28, 121 (1981) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bhatt, N.J., Jain, R., Aggarwal, M.: Predicting maximum sunspot number in solar cycle 24. J. Astrophys. Astron. 30, 71–77 (2009) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chumak, O.V., Matveychuk, T.V.: Forecast of the key parameters of the 24-th solar cycle. Res. Astron. Astrophys. 10(9), 935–942 (2010) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dabas, R.S., Sharma, K.: Prediction of solar cycle 24 using geomagnetic precursors: validation and update. Sol. Phys. 266, 391–403 (2010) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Du, Z.-L., Wang, H.-N.: Does a low solar cycle minimum hint at a weak upcoming cycle? Res. Astron. Astrophys. 10(10), 950–955 (2010) MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Echer, E., Gonzalez, W.D., Tsurutani, B.T., Gonzalez, A.L.C.: Interplanetary conditions causing intense geomagnetic storms (Dst≤−100 nT) during solar cycle 23 (1996–2006). J. Geophys. Res. 113, A05221 (2008). doi: 10.1029/2007JA012744 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Echer, E., Gonzalez, W.D., Tsurutani, B.T.: Statistical studies of geomagnetic storms with peak Dst≤−50 nT from 1957 to 2008. J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys. 73, 1454–1459 (2011) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gonzalez, W.D., Gonzalez, A.L.C., Tsurutani, B.T.: Planet. Space Sci. 38, 181 (1990) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gonzalez, W.D., Joselyn, J.A., Kamide, Y., Kroehl, H.W., Rostoker, G., Tsurutani, B.T., Vasyliunas, V.M.: What is a geomagnetic storms? J. Geophys. Res. 99, 5771 (1994) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gonzalez, W.D., Echer, E., Gonzalez, A.L.C., et al.: Extreme geomagnetic storms, recent Gleissberg cycles and space era-superintense storms. J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys. 73, 1447–1453 (2011) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gosling, J.T., McComas, D.J., Phillips, J.L., Bame, S.J.: Geomagnetic activity associated with Earth passage of interplanetary shock disturbances and coronal mass ejections. J. Geophys. Res. 96, 7831–7839 (1991) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jiang, J., Chatterjee, P., Choudhuri, A.R.: Solar activity forecast with a dynamo model. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 381, 1527–1542 (2007) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kane, R.P.: Size of the coming solar cycle 24 based on Ohl’s precursor method, final estimate. Ann. Geophys. 28, 1463–1466 (2010) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mayaud, P.N.: A hundred year series of geomagnetic data 1868–1967, indices aa, storm sudden commencements. IAGA Bull. 33 Google Scholar
  16. Obridko, V.N., Shelting, B.D.: On prediction of the strength of the 11-year solar cycle No. 24. Sol. Phys. 248, 191–202 (2008) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Pesnell, W.D.: Predictions of Solar Cycle 24. Sol. Phys. 252, 209–220 (2008) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Richardson, I.G., Cane, H.V., Cliver, E.W.: Sources of geomagnetic activity during nearly three solar cycles (1972–2000). J. Geophys. Res. 107(A8), 1187 (2002) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Tsurutani, B.T., Gonzalez, W.D.: The interplanetary causes of magnetic storms: a review. In: Tsurutani, B.T., et al. (ed.) Magnetic Storms. Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 98, pp. 77–89 (1997). AGU, Washington Google Scholar
  20. Wang, J.: Will the solar cycle 24 be a low one? Chin. Sci. Bull. 54(23), 3664–3668 (2009). (in Chinese with an English abstract) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Wang, J., Xiao, Z., Gao, Y.: Study of high solar activity in February 1986 IV. A preliminary analysis of the relationship between solar and terrestrial events. Chin. J. Space Sci. 18(4), 289–295 (1998) (in Chinese) zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  22. Wang, J., Miao, J., Liu, S., Gong, J., Zhu, C.: Prediction of the smoothed monthly mean sunspot numbers for solar cycle 24. Sci. China Ser. G Phys. Mech. Astron. 51(12), 1938–1946 (2008) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Wang, J.-L., Gong, J.-C., Liu, S.-Q., Sun, J.-L.: The prediction of maximum amplitude of solar cycles and maximum amplitude of solar cycle 24. Chin. J. Astron. Astrophys. 2(6), 557–562 (2002) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Wang, J.-L., Zong, W.-G., Le, G.-M., et al.: Predicting the Start and maximum amplitude of solar cycle 24 using similar phase and a cycle grouping. Res. Astron. Astrophys. 9, 133–136 (2009) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Zhang, J., et al.: Solar and interplanetary sources of major geomagnetic storms (Dst≤−100 nT) during 1996–2005. J. Geophys. Res. 112, A10102 (2007). doi: 10.1029/2007JA012321 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guiming Le
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Ziyu Cai
    • 4
    • 5
  • Huaning Wang
    • 1
  • Yuting Zhu
    • 4
  1. 1.National Astronomical ObservatoriesChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Sate Key Laboratory of Space WeatherChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Modern Astronomy and Astrophysics, Ministry of EducationNanjing UniversityNanjingChina
  4. 4.Nation Center for Space WeatherChina Meteorological AdministrationBeijingChina
  5. 5.The Second High School Attached to Beijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations