Astrophysics and Space Science

, Volume 310, Issue 3–4, pp 255–268 | Cite as

The Wide Field Spectrograph (WiFeS)

  • Michael Dopita
  • John Hart
  • Peter McGregor
  • Patrick Oates
  • Gabe Bloxham
  • Damien Jones
Original Article

Abstract

This paper describes the Wide Field Spectrograph (WiFeS) under construction at the Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics (RSAA) of the Australian National University (ANU) for the ANU 2.3 m telescope at the Siding Spring Observatory. WiFeS is a powerful integral field, double-beam, concentric, image-slicing spectrograph designed to deliver excellent throughput, wavelength stability, spectrophotometric performance and superb image quality along with wide spectral coverage throughout the 320–950 nm wavelength region. It provides a 25×38 arcsec field with 0.5 arcsec sampling along each of twenty five 38×1 arcsec slitlets. The output format is optimized to match the 4096×4096 pixel CCD detectors in each of two cameras individually optimized for the blue and the red ends of the spectrum, respectively. A process of “interleaved nod-and-shuffle” will be applied to permit quantum noise-limited sky subtraction. Using VPH gratings, spectral resolutions of 3000 and 7000 are provided. The full spectral range is covered in a single exposure at R=3000, and in two exposures in the R=7000 mode. The use of transmissive coated optics, VPH gratings and optimized mirror coatings ensures a throughput (including telescope atmosphere and detector) >30% over a wide spectral range. The concentric image-slicer design ensures an excellent and uniform image quality across the full field. To maximize scientific return, the whole instrument is configured for remote observing, pipeline data reduction, and the accumulation of calibration image libraries.

Keywords

Instruments: optical Instruments: integral field unit 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Arribas, S., Mediavilla, E.: In: van Breugel, W., Bland-Hawthorn, J. (eds.) Imaging the Universe in Three Dimensions. ASP Conf. Ser., vol. 195, p. 295 (2000) Google Scholar
  2. Bacon, R., et al.: Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. 326, 23 (2001) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. Bland-Hawthorn, J., Barton, J.G.: AAO Newsletter 74, 10 (1995) Google Scholar
  4. Content, R.: In: van Breugel, W., Bland-Hawthorn, J. (eds.) Imaging the Universe in Three Dimensions. ASP Conf. Ser., vol. 195, p. 518 (2000) Google Scholar
  5. Cuillandre, J.C., et al.: Astron. Astrophys. 281, 197 (1994) Google Scholar
  6. Glazebrook, K., Bland-Hawthorn, J.: Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 113, 197 (2001) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. Jaquinot, P.: Rep. Prog. Phys. 23, 267 (1960) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. McGregor, P.J., Conroy, P., Bloxham, G., van Harmelen, J.: Proc. Astron. Soc. Aust. 16, 273 (1999) ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. McGregor, P.J., et al.: In: Iye, M., Moorwood, A.F.M. (eds.) Instrument Design and Performance for Optical/Infrared Ground-based Telescopes. Proc. SPIE, vol. 4841, p. 1581 (2003) Google Scholar
  10. McGregor, P.J., Dopita, M.A., Sutherland, R.S., Beck, T.: Astrophys. Space Sci. (2007, in press) Google Scholar
  11. Rodgers, A.W., Conroy, P., Bloxham, G.: Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 100, 626 (1988) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. Roth, M.M., et al.: In: van Breugel, W., Bland-Hawthorn, J. (eds.) Imaging the Universe in Three Dimensions. ASP Conf. Ser., vol. 195, p. 5810 (2000) Google Scholar
  13. Saunders, W., Bridges, T.J., Gillingham, P., Haynes, R., Smith, G.A.: In: Proc. SPIE, vol. 5492, p. 146 (2004) Google Scholar
  14. Thomas, N.L., Wolfe, J., Farmer, J.C: In: Proc. SPIE, vol. 3352, p. 580 (1998) Google Scholar
  15. Tinney, C.G.: In: van Breugel, W., Bland-Hawthorn, J. (eds.) Imaging the Universe in Three Dimensions. ASP Conf. Ser., vol. 195, p. 100 (2000) Google Scholar
  16. Wolfe, J., Sanders, D.: Optical & environmental performance on durable silver mirror coatrings fabricated at LLNL. Paper presented to the Mirror Days at Hunsville, Alabama (2004), available at http://optics.nasa.gov/tech_days/tech_days_2004/index.html (Document 21)
  17. Wynne, C.G., Worswick, S.P., Lowne, C.M., Jorden, P.R.: In: Notes from Observatories (RGO), vol. 104, p. 23 (1984) Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Dopita
    • 1
  • John Hart
    • 1
  • Peter McGregor
    • 1
  • Patrick Oates
    • 1
  • Gabe Bloxham
    • 1
  • Damien Jones
    • 2
  1. 1.Research School of Astronomy & AstrophysicsAustralian National UniversityWeston ACTAustralia
  2. 2.Prime OpticsEumundiAustralia

Personalised recommendations