Astrophysics and Space Science

, Volume 307, Issue 1–3, pp 87–91

How Produce a Plasma Jet Using a Single and Low Energy Laser Beam

  • Ph. Nicolaï
  • V. T. Tikhonchuk
  • A. Kasperczuk
  • T. Pisarczyk
  • S. Borodziuk
  • K. Rohlena
  • J. Ullschmied
Original Article

Abstract

Under suitable conditions on laser intensity, focal spot radius and atomic number a radiative jet was launched from a planar target. This jet was produced using a relatively low energy laser pulse, below 500 J and it presents similarities with astrophysical protostellar jets. It lasts more than 10 ns, extends over several millimeters, has velocity more than 500 km/s, the Mach number more than 10 and the density above 1018 cm−3. The mechanism of jet formation was inferred from the dimensional analysis and hydrodynamic two-dimensional simulations. It is related to the radiative cooling while the magnetic fields play a minor role.

Keywords

Jets Outflows Laser-plasma 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ampleford, D., Lebedev, S.V., Ciardi, A., Bland, S.N., et al.: Astrophys. Space Sci. 298, 241 (2005)MATHCrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. Book, D.L.: NRL Plasma Formulary, (Washington D.C., Naval Research Laboratory) p. 52 (1980)Google Scholar
  3. Borodziuk, S., Kasperczuk, A., Pisarczyk, T., Gus'kov, S. et al.: Opt. Appl. 34, 31 (2004)Google Scholar
  4. Bride, A.H., Perley, R.: Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 22, 319 (1984)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. Buresi, E., Coutant, J., Dautray, R., et al.: Laser Part. Beams 4, 531 (1986)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. Cecil, G., Wilson, A.S., Tully, R.B.: Astrophys. J. 390, 365 (1992)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. Drevet, C.: In: Proceedings of the 16th International Conference Fusion Energy, Montreal 1996, IAEA, Vienna, vol.3, p. 57 (1997)Google Scholar
  8. Farley, D., Estabrook, K.G., Glendinning, S.G. Glenzer, S.H., et al.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1982 (1999)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. Foster, J.M., Wilde, B.H., Rosen, P.A., Perry, T.S.: Phys. Plasmas 9, 2251 (2002)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. Glenzer, S., Alley, W., Estabrook, K., DeGroot, J. et al.: Phys. Plasmas 6, 2117 (1999)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. Jungwirth, K., Cejnarova, A., Juha, L., Kralikova, B. et al.: Phys. Plasmas 8, 2495 (2001)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. Kasperczuk, A., Pisarczyk, T., Borodziuk, S., Ullschmied, J. et al.: Phys. Plasmas 13, 062704 (2006)Google Scholar
  13. Lebedev, S.V., Chittenden, J.P., Beg, F.N., et al.: Astrophys. J. 564, 113 (2002)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. Lindl, J.D., Amendt, P., Berger, R.L., Gendeinning, S.G. et al.: Phys. Plasmas 11, 339 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. Luciani, J.-F., Mora, P., Virmont, J.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1664 (1983)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. Nicolaï, Ph., Vandenboomgaerde, M., Canaud, B., Chaigneau, F.: Plys. Plasmas 7, 4250 (2000)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. Reipurth, B., Bally, J., Graham, J., Lane, A., et al.: Astron. Astrophys. 164, 51 (1986)ADSGoogle Scholar
  18. Rosen, P.A., Wilde, B.H., Williams, R.J., et al.: Astrophys. Space Sci. 298, 121 (2005)MATHCrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. Ryutov, D., Drake, R.P., Kane, J., Liang, E. et al.: Astron. Astrophys. 518, 821 (1999).ADSGoogle Scholar
  20. Schurtz, G., Nicolaï, Ph., Busquet, M.: Phys. Plasmas 7, 4238 (2000) and reference thereinGoogle Scholar
  21. Shigemori, K., Kodama, R., Farley, D.R., et al., Phys. Rev. E.: 62, 8838 (2000)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. Zinnecker, H., McCaughrean, M., Rayner, J.: Nature 394, 862 (1998)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ph. Nicolaï
    • 1
  • V. T. Tikhonchuk
    • 1
  • A. Kasperczuk
    • 2
  • T. Pisarczyk
    • 2
  • S. Borodziuk
    • 2
  • K. Rohlena
    • 3
  • J. Ullschmied
    • 4
  1. 1.Centre Lasers Intenses et ApplicationsUMR 5107 CEA – CNRS – Université Bordeaux 1Talence cedexFrance
  2. 2.Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser MicrofusionWarsaw 49Poland
  3. 3.Institute of Physics AS CRPrague 8Czech Republic
  4. 4.Institute of Plasma Physics AS CRPrague 8Czech Republic

Personalised recommendations