Astrophysics and Space Science

, Volume 301, Issue 1–4, pp 135–143 | Cite as

Comet Hale-Bopp (C/1995 O1): UVSTAR-FUV Spectroscopy from the Space Shuttle

  • Cristiano B. Cosmovici
  • Vojko Bratina
  • Gottfried Schwarz
  • Gianpaolo Tozzi
  • Michael J. Mumma
  • Roberto Stalio
Original Article


We report here on unique post-perihelion (2.3 AU) measurements of Comet Hale-Bopp in the FUV-range (950–1250 Å) by means of the UVSTAR spectrometer from the space shuttle with the main purpose of searching for argon and other FUV emitters. New methods for separating the strong airglow emission at shuttle altitudes are here discussed in detail. Due to our low resolution (15 Å) and S/N ratio the possible rocket-borne detection of argon near perihelion (0.9 AU) could not be confirmed. New species as N2 are suspected but difficult to separate from the strong airglow emission at shuttle altitudes. From the Lyα brightness (1.30± 0.08 kRy) a water production rate Q = 5.9 ± 0.4 × 1029 molecules s−1 could be derived and compared with other post-perihelion observations.


Comet Hale-Bopp Space shuttle FUV spectroscopy Airglow 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Combi, M.R., Brown, M.E., Feldman, P.D., Keller, H.U., Meier, R.R., Smyth, W.H.: ApJ 494, 816 (1998)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. De Carlo, F., Stalio, R., Trampus, P., Sandel, B.R., Broadfoot, L.A., Sicuranza, G.L.: Optical Eng. 33, 2738 (1994)ADSGoogle Scholar
  3. Dello Russo, N., Mumma, M.J., DiSanti, M.A., Magee-Sauer, K., Novak, R., Rettig, T.W.: Icarus 143, 324 (2000)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. Festou, M.C.: A&A 95, 69 (1981)ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. Green, J.C., Cash, W., Cook, T.A., Stern, S.A.: Science 251, 408 (1991)ADSGoogle Scholar
  6. Krasnopolsky, V.A., Mumma, M.J., Abbott, M., Flynn, B.C., Meech, K.J., Yeomans, D.K., Feldman, P.D., Cosmovici, C.B.: Science 277, 1488 (1997)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. Krasnopolsky, V.A., Mumma, M.J.: ApJ 549, 629 (2000)ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. Krasnopolsky, V.A., Mumma, M.J., Abbott, M.A.: Icarus 146, 152 (2000)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. McPhate, J.B., Feldman, P.D., McCandliss, S.R., Burgh, E.B.: ApJ 521, 920 (1999)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. Meier, R.R., Opal, C.B., Page, T.L., Carruthers, G.R., Keller, H.U.: A&A 52, 283 (1976)ADSGoogle Scholar
  11. Mumma, M.J., Weissmann, P.R., Stern, S.A.: in: Protostars and Planets, Vol. III, University of Arizona Press, Tucson, p. 1172 (1993)Google Scholar
  12. Mumma, M.J., Krasnopolsky, V.A., Abbott, M.J.: ApJ 49, L125 (1998)Google Scholar
  13. Sandel, B.R., Broadfoot, A.L., Stalio, R.: Optical Eng. 32, 3009 (1993)ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. Stalio, R., Bratina, V., Holberg, J.: ESA SP 413, 771 (1998)ADSGoogle Scholar
  15. Stalio, R., Broadfoot, A.L., Bratina, V., Holberg, J., Sandel, B.: in: P.Y. Bely and J.B. Breckinridge (eds.), Space Telescopes and Instruments V, Proc. SPIE 3356, 1018 (1998)Google Scholar
  16. Stern, S.A., Green, J.C., Cash, W., Cook, T.A.: Icarus 95, 157 (1992)ADSGoogle Scholar
  17. Stern, S.A., Slater, D.C., Festou, M.C., Parker, J.W., Gladstone, G.R., A'Hearn, M.F., Wilkinson, E.: ApJ 544, L169 (2000)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. Stern, S.A., Colwell, W.B., Festou, M.C., Tamblyn, P.M., Parker, J.W.: Astron. J. 118, 1120 (1999)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. Weaver, H.A., Feldman, P.D., A'Hearn, M.F., Arpigny, C., Brandt, J.C., Stern, S.A.: Icarus 141, 1 (1999)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. Wyckoff, S., Tegler, S.C., Engel, L.: ApJ 367, 641 (1991)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristiano B. Cosmovici
    • 1
  • Vojko Bratina
    • 2
    • 3
  • Gottfried Schwarz
    • 4
  • Gianpaolo Tozzi
    • 5
  • Michael J. Mumma
    • 6
  • Roberto Stalio
    • 7
  1. 1.Istituto di Fisica dello Spazio InterplanetarioINAFRomeItaly
  2. 2.C.A.R.S.OTriesteItaly
  3. 3.FirenzeItaly
  4. 4.DLRGermany
  5. 5.Osservatorio di ArcetriFirenzeItaly
  6. 6.Laboratory for Extraterrestrial Physics, Code 690NASA's Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  7. 7.C.A.R.S.OTriesteItaly

Personalised recommendations