Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 737–745 | Cite as

Is Viewing Sexually Explicit Material Cheating on Your Partner? A Comparison Between the United States and Spain

  • Charles NegyEmail author
  • Diego Plaza
  • Abilio Reig-Ferrer
  • Maria Dolores Fernandez-Pascual
Original Paper


This cross-sectional study examined whether university students from the U.S. (n = 392) and Spain (n = 200) considered the viewing of sexually explicit material (SEM) to be tantamount to committing infidelity. Participants’ ages ranged from 18 to 36 (U.S. sample) and 18 to 35 (Spain sample), respectively. At both universities, the study was made available to students via a computer program that allows recruitment and completion of the questionnaires online. It was found that the majority of U.S. and Spanish participants (73 and 77%, respectively) indicated that they did not consider viewing SEM as an act of infidelity. Also, overall, U.S. participants, those who were not currently in a relationship, and those who do not view SEM, were significantly more likely to believe that viewing SEM constituted infidelity compared to Spanish participants, those currently in a relationship, and those who view SEM. Finally, it was found that among U.S. and Spanish participants, intolerance of infidelity in general, negative attitudes toward SEM, and the proclivity for jealousy significantly correlated with believing that viewing SEM was tantamount to infidelity. For U.S. participants only, religiosity and (low) self-esteem also correlated with the belief that viewing SEM was infidelity. Implications of the findings are discussed.


Infidelity Sexually explicit material Pornography Jealousy 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This study was reviewed and approved by an institutional review board at both universities where this study took place prior to data collection. Moreover, all procedures performed in this study were in accordance with the ethical standards of our respective institutions and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained, voluntarily, from each study participant.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA
  2. 2.Dpto. de Psicología de la Salud, Facultad de Ciencias de la SaludUniversidad de AlicanteAlicanteSpain

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