Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 45, Issue 5, pp 1195–1205 | Cite as

Factors Associated With Sexual Coercion in a Representative Sample of Men in Australian Prisons

  • Paul L. Simpson
  • Joanne Reekie
  • Tony G. Butler
  • Juliet Richters
  • Lorraine Yap
  • Luke Grant
  • Alun Richards
  • Basil Donovan
Original Paper


Very little research has focused on men or prisoners as victims of sexual violence. This study provides the first population-based analysis of factors associated with sexual coercion of men in Australian prisons, and the first to use a computer-assisted telephone interview to collect this information in a prison setting. A random sample of men in New South Wales and Queensland prisons were surveyed using computer‐assisted telephone interviewing. We asked participants about sexual coercion, defined as being forced or frightened into doing something sexually that was unwanted while in prison. Associations between sexual coercion in prison and sociodemographics, sexual coercion history outside of prison, and prison-related factors were examined. Logistic regression was used to estimate adjusted odds ratios in examining factors associated with sexual coercion in prisons. Of 2626 eligible men, 2000 participated. Participants identifying as non-heterosexual and those with a history of sexual coercion outside prison were found to be most at risk. Those in prison for the first time and those who had spent more than 5 years in prison ever were also more likely to report sexual coercion. Although prison policies and improving prison officer training may help address immediate safety and health concerns of those at risk, given the sensitivity of the issue and likely under-reporting to correctional staff, community-based organizations and prisoner peer-based groups arguably have a role too in providing both preventive and trauma-focused support.


Sexual coercion Sex survey Men Prisons Australia 



The study was funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (Grant No. 350860) with some additional funding from the New South Wales and Queensland Governments. The funders had no role in the study design and data collection, analyses and interpretation, or reporting.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethics Approval

Ethics approval was provided by the Justice Health NSW Human Research Ethics Committee (GEN5/05) and ratified by the University of NSW Human Research Ethics Committee (HREC 06045). The NSW Department of Corrective Services Ethics Committee (Ref. 05/0882) recommended approval of the study, which was approved by the Commissioner of Corrective Services as required by the Crimes (Administration of Sentences) Act for all research conducted with inmates. The Queensland Corrective Services Research Committee also approved the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul L. Simpson
    • 1
  • Joanne Reekie
    • 1
  • Tony G. Butler
    • 1
  • Juliet Richters
    • 2
  • Lorraine Yap
    • 1
  • Luke Grant
    • 3
  • Alun Richards
    • 4
  • Basil Donovan
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.The Kirby InstituteUniversity of New South WalesSydneyAustralia
  2. 2.School of Public Health and Community MedicineUniversity of New South WalesSydneyAustralia
  3. 3.Corrective Services New South WalesSydneyAustralia
  4. 4.Queensland Department of HealthBrisbaneAustralia
  5. 5.Sydney Sexual Health CentreSydney HospitalSydneyAustralia

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