Evidence Against a Typology: A Taxometric Analysis of the Sexuality of Male-to-Female Transsexuals
Previous theories and research have suggested there are two distinct types of male-to-female (MF) transsexuals and these types can be distinguished by their sexuality. Using the scales Attraction to Femininity in Males, Core Autogynephilia, Autogynephilic Interpersonal Fanasy, and Attraction to Transgender Fiction as indicator variables, taxometric analysis was applied to an online-recruited sample of 308 MF transsexuals to investigate whether such a distinction is justified. In accordance with previous research findings, MF transsexuals categorized as “nonandrophilic” scored significantly higher on Core Autogynephilia than did those categorized as “androphilic”; they also scored significantly higher on Attraction to Femininity in Males and Attraction to Transgender Fiction. Results of one of the taxometric procedures, L-Mode, gave slightly more support for a dimensional, rather than taxonic (two-type), latent structure. Results of the two other taxometric procedures, MAMBAC and MAXCOV, showed greater support for a dimensional latent structure. Although these results require replication with a more representative sample, they show little support for a taxonomy, which contradicts previous theory that has suggested MF transsexuals’ sexuality is typological.
KeywordsAutogynephilia Transsexuals Sexuality Gender dysphoria Taxometric analysis
Dave Clarke and Terri Lomax supervised the project and provided feedback on an early draft of this article.
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