Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 43, Issue 7, pp 1245–1246 | Cite as

How to “Ascertain” Paraphilia? An Etymological Hint

  • Diederik F. JanssenEmail author
Commentary on DSM-5

Do sexologists know their etymology?

Possibly not: I found no reference (in fact, anywhere in the literature) to the earliest attestation of one of their more pivotal words: paraphilia. Popularized without attribution in the DSM-III (APA, 1980, pp. 261, 266), “Paraphilie” was pieced together from the Greek (on the lexical model of paranoia!), and communicated on August 2, 1903, by Vienna-based Slavist and folklorist of erotica Krauss (1903, p. 565). A non-judgmental alternative to the twin phrases “psychopathia sexualis” and “sexual perversion,” it occurs in an apropos to Iwan Bloch’s two-volume Beiträge zur Aetiologie der Psychopathia Sexualis published 1902–1903. One finds it again in Krauss’ editorial to the maiden, 1904, issue of his noted yearbook on erotic folklore Anthropophyteia (1904a, pp. xv, xix) and throughout his richly illustrated 1904 folkloric sequel on women’s beauty, in 14 chapters dealing with all body regions—Die Anmut des Frauenleibes (1904b, p. 14 et passim). The...


White Matter Abnormality Pedophilia Postural Code Paraphilic Disorder Forensic Psychology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Adler, M. A. (2012). For sexual perversion see paraphilias: Disciplining sexual deviance at the Library of Congress. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Madison.Google Scholar
  2. American Psychiatric Association. (1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
  3. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: Author.Google Scholar
  4. Bloch, I. (1902–1903). Beiträge zur Aetiologie der Psychopathia Sexualis (2 Vols.). Dresden: H. R. Dohrn Verlag.Google Scholar
  5. Krauss, F. S. (1903). Psychopathia sexualis. Wiener Klinische Rundschau, 17, 564–566.Google Scholar
  6. Krauss, F. S. (1904a). Vorwort. Anthropophyteia: Jahrbücher fur Folkloristische Erhebungen und Forschungen zur Entwicklunggeschichte der Geschlechtlichen Moral, 1, vii–xxi.Google Scholar
  7. Krauss, F. S. (1904b). Die anmut des frauenleibes. Leipzig: A. Schumann Verlag.Google Scholar
  8. Robinson, W. J. (1913). Masturbation—Injurious or harmless. American Journal of Urology, 9, 238–243.Google Scholar
  9. Stekel, W. (1918). Disguised onanism (masked masturbation). American Journal of Urology and Sexology, 14, 289–307.Google Scholar
  10. World Health Organization. (2013). ICD-11 Beta draft. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. Retrieved from

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NijmegenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations