Extradyadic Involvement and Relationship Dissolution in Heterosexual Women University Students
- 766 Downloads
This study examined the role of extradyadic involvement (EDI) in heterosexual dating relationships among young adult females (N = 539). A considerable percentage of participants (36 %) reported that they had engaged in an extradyadic emotional or sexual relationship within the last 2 months. Results from logistic regression analyses supported the general hypothesis that emotional and sexual EDI were both significantly associated with relationship dissolution. These associations remained strong even after controlling for participants’ age, relationship duration, and relationship quality. The findings also showed that the strength of the association between acts of emotional or sexual extradyadic behaviors and relationship dissolution was linked to relationship quality, gender of the actor, and type of EDI (emotional vs. sexual). Specifically, compared to participants who reported poor relationship quality, those who reported high relationship quality were more likely to end the partnership if they reported emotional or sexual EDI. Findings suggest that individuals in higher quality relationships appear to have considerably more to lose in their relationship when emotional or sexual EDI occurs. This, in part, may be because the more satisfactory the relationship the more disillusionment one may feel when betrayed by their romantic partner. Overall, the present findings underscore the multifaceted nature of the relationships between EDI and relationship dissolution. We call for more research that rigorously examines what contextual factors influence young adults in dating relationships to dissolve relationships following EDI.
KeywordsSexual relationships Extradyadic sex Casual sex Emotional infidelity Relationship satisfaction
- Buss, D. M., Shackelford, T. K., Kirkpatrick, L. A., Choe, J., Hasegawa, M., Hasegawa, T., et al. (1999). Jealousy and the nature of beliefs about infidelity: Tests of competing hypotheses about sex differences in the United States, Korea and Japan. Personal Relationships, 6, 125–160. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-6811.1999.tb00215.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Conley, T. D., Ziegler, A., Moors, A. C., Matsick, J. L., & Valentine, B. (2013). A critical examination of popular assumptions about the benefits and outcomes of monogamous relationships. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 17, 124–141. doi: 10.1177/1088868312467087.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Davis, D., Shaver, P. R., & Vernon, M. L. (2003). Physical, emotional, and behavioral reactions to breaking up: The roles of gender, age, emotional involvement, and attachment style. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 871–884. doi: 10.1177/0146167203029007006.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Fincham, F. D., & Cui, M. (Eds.). (2011). Romantic relationships in emerging adulthood. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Gallup. (2007). Gallup poll: Moral issues. Retrieved from http://www.gallup.com/poll/1681/Moral-Issues.aspx.
- Gallup. (2008). Gallup poll: Most Americans not willing to forgive unfaithful spouse. Retrieved from http://www.gallup.com/poll/105682/most-americans-willing-forgive-unfaithful-spouse.aspx.
- Hall, J. H., & Fincham, F. D. (2006a). Relationship dissolution following infidelity. In M. A. Fine & J. H. Harvey (Eds.), Handbook of divorce and relationship dissolution (pp. 153–168). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence.Google Scholar
- Kaighobadi, F., Shackelford, T. K., Popp, D., Moyer, R. M., Bates, V. M., & Liddle, J. R. (2009). Perceived risk of female infidelity moderates the relationship between men’s personality and partner-directed violence. Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 1033–1039. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2009.08.001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kessel, D. E., Atkins, D. C., & Furrow, J. L. (2007, November). Infidelity on the rise: The evolving demographics of infidelity. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, Philadelphia, PA.Google Scholar
- Leeker, O., & Carlozzi, A. (2012). Effects of sex, sexual orientation, infidelity expectations, and love on distress related to emotional and sexual infidelity. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy. Advance Online publication. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-0606.2012.00331.x.
- Milton, J. (1928). Paradise lost. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Oikle, J. M. (2003). The prediction and description of dating infidelity. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Kansas, Lawrence.Google Scholar
- Shackelford, T. K. (1998). Divorce as a consequence of spousal infidelity. In V. C. D. Munck (Ed.), Romantic love and sexual behaviors (pp. 135–153). Westport, CT: Praeger.Google Scholar
- Theiss, J. A., & Solomon, D. H. (2008). Parsing the mechanisms that increase relational intimacy: The effects of uncertainty amount, open communication about uncertainty, and the reduction of uncertainty. Human Communication Research, 34, 625–654. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2958.2008.00335.x.
- Yeniceri, Z., & Kokdemir, D. (2006). University students perceptions of, and explanations for, infidelity: The development of the infidelity questionnaire (INFQ). Social Behavior and Personality, 34, 639–650. doi: 10.2224/sbp.2006.34.6.639.