Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 41, Issue 5, pp 1303–1313 | Cite as

Biometric Characteristics of the Pelvis in Female-to-Male Transsexuals

  • Aneta Sitek
  • Marta Fijałkowska
  • Elżbieta Żądzińska
  • Bogusław Antoszewski
Original Paper

Abstract

The objective of the study was to evaluate the metric features of pelvises of 24 female-to-male (FtM) transsexuals as compared to control groups of 24 healthy males and 24 healthy females. The participants had their pelvises X-rayed with the same X-ray apparatus and in the same position. Seventeen measurements were taken on the basis of X-ray pictures of FtM transsexuals’ pelvises and both comparison groups. Additionally, their body height was compared. The results showed that FtM transsexuals having female body height represent an intermediate size of three pelvic features and male values of five variables. In order to develop a model based on metric variables of the pelvis that would best discriminate the FtM transsexuals, the control females, and the control males, a discriminant analysis was applied. The model included four variables out of 17 metric features: the height of the pubic symphysis, the greatest pelvic breadth, the interischial distance, and the acetabular diameter. The model was found to be the best in discriminating males from females and FtM transsexuals, but considerably less effective in discriminating transsexuals from the two control groups. The results demonstrate that a number of FtM transsexuals’ pelvic measurements reveal “masculinization,” which confirms current results demonstrating a shift in the somatometric traits of transsexual females towards male traits. A discriminant analysis based only on pelvic metric features shows some differences between the size of the pelvis and chromosomal sex in FtM transsexuals, which might indicate a biological basis for gender identity disorder.

Keywords

Anthropometrics Transsexualism Sexual dimorphism Gender identity disorder Pelvis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aneta Sitek
    • 1
  • Marta Fijałkowska
    • 2
  • Elżbieta Żądzińska
    • 1
  • Bogusław Antoszewski
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of LodzLodzPoland
  2. 2.Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Institute of SurgeryMedical University of LodzLodzPoland

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