Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 41, Issue 6, pp 1321–1323 | Cite as

The Twentieth Century Reversal of Pink-Blue Gender Coding: A Scientific Urban Legend?

Letter to the Editor


Color Preference Weak Claim Infant Girl Nursery Rhyme English Corpus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Chiu, S. W., Gervan, S., Fairbrother, C., Johnson, L. L., Owen-Anderson, A. F. H., Bradley, S. J., et al. (2006). Sex-dimorphic color preference in children with gender identity disorder: A comparison to clinical and community controls. Sex Roles, 55, 385–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cohen, P. N. (2012). Children’s gender and parents’ color preferences. Archives of Sexual Behavior. doi: 10.1007/s10508-012-9951-5.
  3. Fine, C. (2010). Delusions of gender. How our minds, society, and neurosexism create difference. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  4. Frassanito, P., & Pettorini, B. (2008). Pink and blue: The color of gender. Child’s Nervous System, 24, 881–882.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hurlbert, A. C., & Ling, Y. (2007). Biological components of sex differences in color preference. Current Biology, 17, R623–R625.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. LoBue, V., & DeLoache, J. S. (2011). Pretty in pink: The early development of gender-stereotyped colour preferences. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 29, 656–667.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Michel, J.-B., Shen, Y. K., Aiden, A. P., Veres, A., Gray, M. K., The Google Books Team, et al. (2011). Quantitative analysis of culture using millions of digitized books. Science, 331, 176–182.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Paoletti, J. B. (1987). Clothing and gender in America: Children’s fashions, 1890–1920. Signs, 13, 136–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Paoletti, J. B. (1997). The gendering of infants’ and toddlers’ clothing in America. In K. A. Martinez & K. L. Ames (Eds.), The material culture of gender/The gender of material culture (pp. 27–35). Hanover, NH: University Press of New England.Google Scholar
  10. Paoletti, J. B. (2012). Pink and blue: Telling the boys from the girls in America. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Zucker, K. J. (2005). Measurement of psychosexual differentiation. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 34, 375–388.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biology of Social Behavior Laboratory, Department of PsychologyUniversity of TurinTurinItaly

Personalised recommendations