Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 39, Issue 6, pp 1235–1237 | Cite as

Disregarding Science, Clinical Utility, and the DSM’s Definition of Mental Disorder: The Case of Exhibitionism, Voyeurism, and Frotteurism

  • Andrew C. HinderliterEmail author
Letter to the Editor
In Långström’s ( 2010) methodology section, he says that he “carefully read prior versions of the DSM diagnostic criteria for these paraphilias from the DSM-III to DSM-IV-TR” (p. 317), but his review makes some serious errors. Långström writes:

In the DSM-III-R (American Psychiatric Association, 1987), the core criterion (A) for Exhibitionism (Over a period of at least 6 months, recurrent, intense sexual urges and sexually arousing fantasies involving intense sexual arousal from exposing one’s genitals to an unsuspecting stranger) remained the same as in DSM-III (American Psychiatric Association, 1980). However, a qualifying diagnostic B criterion was added, as were [sic] true for all paraphilia diagnoses. This criterion was added to emphasize that psychiatric disorders or diagnoses had to include acting out against others or substantial distress. (p. 317)

Here is what DSM-III’s (American Psychiatric Association, 1980) diagnostic criteria for Exhibitionism said: “Repetitive acts of...


American Psychiatric Association Specific Phobia Sexual Fantasy Gender Identity Disorder Sexual Disorder 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of LinguisticsUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA

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