Disregarding Science, Clinical Utility, and the DSM’s Definition of Mental Disorder: The Case of Exhibitionism, Voyeurism, and Frotteurism
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Here is what DSM-III’s (American Psychiatric Association, 1980) diagnostic criteria for Exhibitionism said: “Repetitive acts of...
In the DSM-III-R (American Psychiatric Association, 1987), the core criterion (A) for Exhibitionism (Over a period of at least 6 months, recurrent, intense sexual urges and sexually arousing fantasies involving intense sexual arousal from exposing one’s genitals to an unsuspecting stranger) remained the same as in DSM-III (American Psychiatric Association, 1980). However, a qualifying diagnostic B criterion was added, as were [sic] true for all paraphilia diagnoses. This criterion was added to emphasize that psychiatric disorders or diagnoses had to include acting out against others or substantial distress. (p. 317)
KeywordsAmerican Psychiatric Association Specific Phobia Sexual Fantasy Gender Identity Disorder Sexual Disorder
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