Advertisement

Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 1–2 | Cite as

Greater Frequency of Penile–Vaginal Intercourse Without Condoms is Associated with Better Mental Health

  • Rui Miguel CostaEmail author
  • Stuart Brody
Letter to the Editor

Mota, Cox, Katz, and Sareen (2009) reported that, in a representative sample of Americans, risk of mental disorders and suicidal tendencies was associated with lack of condom use (in the never married) and earlier first intercourse. Risk of mental disorders was also associated with having more than one intercourse partner. Childhood deprivation, impulsivity, and genetic propensity for addiction were among the proposed explanatory mechanisms.

A wide range of studies, however, have found that greater frequency of penile–vaginal intercourse (PVI), as distinct from other sexual behaviors, is associated with measures of better health (Brody, 2003, 2006; Brody & Preut, 2003) and that condoms might detract from some of the benefits (Costa & Brody, 2008). Studies of the general adult population in several countries indicated that condom use for PVI, like abstinence from PVI, is associated with depression and suicidal tendencies (Gallup, Burch, & Platek, 2002; Morrill, Ickovics, Golubchikov,...

Keywords

Sexual Behavior Sexual Partner Mating Strategy Insecure Attachment Inconsistent Condom 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Armour, S., & Haynie, D. L. (2007). Adolescent sexual debut and later delinquency. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 36, 141–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brody, S. (1995a). Lack of evidence for transmission of human immunodeficiency virus through vaginal intercourse. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 24, 383–393.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Brody, S. (1995b). Patients misrepresenting their risk factors for AIDS. International Journal of STD and AIDS, 6, 392–398.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Brody, S. (1997). Sex at risk: Lifetime number of partners, frequency of intercourse, and the low AIDS risk of vaginal intercourse. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.Google Scholar
  5. Brody, S. (2002). Age at first intercourse is inversely related to female cortisol stress reactivity. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 27, 933–943.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Brody, S. (2003). Alexithymia is inversely associated with women’s frequency of vaginal intercourse. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 32, 73–77.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Brody, S. (2006). Blood pressure reactivity to stress is better for people who recently had penile-vaginal intercourse than for people who had other or no sexual activity. Biological Psychology, 71, 214–222.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Brody, S., & Costa, R. M. (2009). Satisfaction (sexual, life, relationship, and mental health) is associated directly with penile-vaginal intercourse but inversely with other sexual behavior frequencies. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 6, 1947–1954.Google Scholar
  9. Brody, S., & Preut, R. (2003). Vaginal intercourse frequency and heart rate variability. Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 29, 371–380.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Costa, R. M., & Brody, S. (2008). Condom use for penile-vaginal intercourse is associated with immature psychological defense mechanisms. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 5, 2522–2532.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Del Giudice, M. (2009). Sex, attachment, and the development of reproductive strategies. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 32, 1–67.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Gallup, G. G., Burch, R. L., & Platek, S. M. (2002). Does semen have antidepressant properties? Archives of Sexual Behavior, 31, 289–293.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Harden, K. P., Mendle, J., Hill, J. E., Turkeimer, E., & Emery, R. E. (2008). Rethinking timing of first sex and delinquency. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 37, 373–385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Leary, M. B., & Dobbins, S. E. (1983). Social anxiety, sexual behavior, and contraceptive use. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 1347–1354.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Morrill, A. C., Ickovics, J. R., Golubchikov, V. V., Beren, S. E., & Rodin, J. (1996). Safer sex: Social and psychological predictors of behavioral maintenance and change among heterosexual women. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64, 819–828.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Mota, N. P., Cox, B. J., Katz, L. Y., & Sareen, J. (2009). Relationship between mental disorders/suicidality and three sexual behaviors: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey replication. Archives of Sexual Behavior. doi: 10.1007/s10508-008-9463-5.
  17. Peters, B., Whittall, T., Babaahmady, K., Gray, K., Vaughan, R., & Lehner, T. (2004). Effect of heterosexual intercourse on mucosal alloimmunisation and resistance to HIV-1 infection. Lancet, 363, 518–524.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Schmitt, D. P. (2005). Is short-term mating the maladaptive result of insecure attachment? A test of competing evolutionary perspectives. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31, 747–768.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Smit, J., Myer, L., Middelkoop, K., Seedat, S., Wood, R., Bekker, L. G., et al. (2006). Mental health and sexual risk behaviours in a South African township: A community-based cross-sectional study. Public Health, 120, 534–542.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social SciencesUniversity of the West of ScotlandPaisleyUK

Personalised recommendations