Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 39, Issue 6, pp 1439–1441 | Cite as

The Biogeography and Evolution of Female Homosexual Behavior in Japanese Macaques

  • Paul L. VaseyEmail author
  • Hester Jiskoot


In certain Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata) populations, females routinely engage in same-sex courtship, mounting, and consortship activity. Drawing on behavioral, biogeographic, and genetic research, we suggest that female homosexual behavior may be associated with genetically distinct free-ranging populations of Japanese macaques. In addition, we briefly discuss the implications of this research for the evolution of female homosexual behavior in this species.


Female homosexual behavior Japanese macaques Biogeography Haplotypes 



We thank Mike Huffman, Jean-Baptiste Leca, Doug VanderLaan, Lesley Terry, and one anonymous reviewer. P.L.V. was funded by the University of Lethbridge and by a Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada Discovery Grant. H.J. was funded by a NSERC Discovery Grant and by a NSERC University Faculty Award.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of LethbridgeLethbridgeCanada
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversity of LethbridgeLethbridgeCanada

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