The Biogeography and Evolution of Female Homosexual Behavior in Japanese Macaques
- 514 Downloads
In certain Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata) populations, females routinely engage in same-sex courtship, mounting, and consortship activity. Drawing on behavioral, biogeographic, and genetic research, we suggest that female homosexual behavior may be associated with genetically distinct free-ranging populations of Japanese macaques. In addition, we briefly discuss the implications of this research for the evolution of female homosexual behavior in this species.
KeywordsFemale homosexual behavior Japanese macaques Biogeography Haplotypes
We thank Mike Huffman, Jean-Baptiste Leca, Doug VanderLaan, Lesley Terry, and one anonymous reviewer. P.L.V. was funded by the University of Lethbridge and by a Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada Discovery Grant. H.J. was funded by a NSERC Discovery Grant and by a NSERC University Faculty Award.
- Azuma, S. (1985). Ecological biogeography of Japanese monkeys (Macaca fuscata Blyth) in the warm- and cold-temperate forest. In T. Kawamichi (Ed.), Contemporary mammalogy in China and Japan (pp. 1–5). Osaka: Mammalogical Society of Japan.Google Scholar
- Hoelzer, G. A., & Melnick, D. J. (1996). Evolutionary relationships of the macaque. In J. E. Fa & D. G. Lindburg (Eds.), Evolution and ecology of the macaque societies (pp. 3–17). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Nagata, J., Masuda, R., Tamate, H. B., Hamasaki, S., Ochiai, K., Asada, M., et al. (1999). Two genetically distinct lineages of the sika deer, Cervus nippon, in the Japanese islands: Comparison of mitochondrial D-loop region sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 13, 511–519.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Perloe, S. I. (1989). Monkeys of Minoo. Produced by S. I. Perloe, Department of Psychology, Haverford College [VHS; 45 min].Google Scholar
- Vasey, P. L. (1998). Female choice and inter-sexual competition for female sexual partners in Japanese macaques. Behaviour, 135, 579–597.Google Scholar
- Vasey, P. L. (2006). The pursuit of pleasure: Homosexual behavior, sexual reward and evolutionary history in Japanese macaques. In V. Sommer & P. L. Vasey (Eds.), Homosexual behavior in animals: An evolutionary perspective (pp. 349–364). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Vasey, P. L., & Reinhart, C. (2009). Female homosexual behavior in a new group of Japanese macaques: Evolutionary implications. Laboratory Primate Newsletter, 48(3), 8–10.Google Scholar
- Wolfe, L. D. (1984). Japanese macaque female sexual behavior: A comparison of Arashiyama East and West. In M. F. Small (Ed.), Female primates: Studies by women primatologists (pp. 141–157). New York: Alan R. Liss.Google Scholar