Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 378–392 | Cite as

Sociodemographic, Clinical, and Psychiatric Characteristics of Transsexuals from Spain

  • Esther Gómez-GilEmail author
  • Antoni Trilla
  • Manel Salamero
  • Teresa Godás
  • Manuel Valdés
Original Paper


The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of transsexuals from Spain. A total of 252 consecutive applicants for sex reassignment were evaluated using a standardized semistructured clinical interview and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (Spanish Version 5.0.0) to record demographic, clinical, and psychiatric data. Transsexualism was diagnosed in 230 patients, with a male to female (MF)/female to male (FM) ratio of 2.2:1. Transsexual patients frequently had low employment status, lived with their parents, and mainly had a sexual orientation toward same-sex partners. The most frequent psychiatric diagnoses were adjustment disorder and social phobia in both groups, and alcohol and substance-related disorders in the MF group. MF transsexuals were older than FM transexuals when requesting sex reassignment, but did not differ in age when starting hormonal therapy (often on their own); fewer MFs were in employment requiring high educational qualification, more were non-Spanish natives, and more had previous and current histories of alcohol and substance abuse or dependence. The basic characteristics of transsexuals from Spain were similar to those of other European countries, except for the higher proportion of patients living with their parents and the higher proportion of MFs who reported same-sex sexual orientation compared with previous studies.


Transsexualism Gender identity disorder Sexual orientation Psychiatric comorbidity Spain 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Esther Gómez-Gil
    • 1
    Email author
  • Antoni Trilla
    • 2
  • Manel Salamero
    • 3
  • Teresa Godás
    • 3
  • Manuel Valdés
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Neurosciences, Hospital ClínicUniversity of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Hospital ClínicUniversity of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Department of Psychology, Institute of Neurosciences, Hospital ClínicUniversity of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

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