Sexuality of Male-to-Female Transsexuals
- 685 Downloads
Blanchard’s (J Nerv Ment Dis 177:616–623, 1989) theory of autogynephilia suggests that male-to-female transsexuals can be categorized into different types based on their sexuality. Little previous research has compared the sexuality of male-to-female transsexuals to biological females. The present study examined 15 aspects of sexuality among a non-clinical sample of 234 transsexuals and 127 biological females, using either an online or a paper questionnaire. The results showed that, overall, transsexuals tended to place more importance on partner’s physical attractiveness and reported higher scores on Blanchard’s Core Autogynephilia Scale than biological females. In addition, transsexuals classified as autogynephilic scored significantly higher on Attraction to Feminine Males, Core Autogynephilia, Autogynephilic Interpersonal Fantasy, Fetishism, Preference for Younger Partners, Interest in Uncommitted Sex, Importance of Partner Physical Attractiveness, and Attraction to Transgender Fiction than other transsexuals and biological females. In accordance with Blanchard’s theory, autogynephilia measures were positively correlated to Sexual Attraction to Females among transsexuals. In contrast to Blanchard’s theory, however, those transsexuals classified as autogynephilic scored higher on average on Sexual Attraction to Males than those classified as non-autogynephilic, and no transsexuals classified as autogynephilic reported asexuality.
KeywordsAutogynephilia Gender identity disorder Transsexualism Sexuality Masochism
- Bailey, J. M. (2003). The man who would be queen: The science of gender-bending and transsexualism. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press.Google Scholar
- Beigel, H., & Feldman, R. (1963). The male transvestite’s motivation in fiction, research and reality. In H. Beigel (Ed.), Advances in sex research (pp. 18–23). New York: Harper and Row.Google Scholar
- Blanchard, R. (1985b). Research methods for the typological study of gender disorders in males. In B. W. Steiner (Ed.), Gender dysphoria: Development, research, management (pp. 227–257). New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
- Blanchard, R. (1988). Nonhomosexual gender dysphoria. Journal of Sex Research, 24, 188–193.Google Scholar
- Blanchard, R. (1990). Gender identity disorders in adult men. In R. Blanchard & B. W. Steiner (Eds.), Clinical management of gender identity disorders in children and adults (pp. 49–76). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
- Bolin, A. (1988). In search of Eve: Transsexual rites of passage. New York: Bergin & Garvey.Google Scholar
- Buhrich, N., & McConaghy, N. (1976). Transvestite fiction. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 163, 420–427.Google Scholar
- Cann, A., Mangum, J. L., & Wells, M. (2001). Distress in response to relationship infidelity: The roles of gender and attitudes about relationships. Journal of Sex Research, 38, 185–190.Google Scholar
- Docter, R. F. (1988). Transvestites and transsexuals: Toward a theory of cross-gender behaviour. New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
- Dreger, A. D. (in press). The controversy surrounding The Man Who Would Be Queen: A case history of the politics of science, identity, and sex in the Internet age. Archives of Sexual Behavior.Google Scholar
- Freund, K., & Blanchard, R. (1998). Gender identity and erotic preference in males. In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, R. Bauserman, G. Schreer, & S. L. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures (2nd ed., pp. 454–462). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Hirschfeld, M. (2000). Homosexualität des mannes und des weibes. Amherst: Prometheus Books. (Originally published 1914).Google Scholar
- James, A. J. (2004). A defining moment in our history: Examining disease models of gender identity. Retrieved 26 Oct 2006, from http://www.tsroadmap.com/info/gender-identity.pdf.
- Lawrence, A. A. (2004). Autogynephilia: A paraphilic model of gender identity disorder. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy, 8(1/2), 69–87.Google Scholar
- McConaghy, N. (1998). Sex-linked behaviors questionnaire. In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, R. Bauserman, G. Schreer, & S. L. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures (pp. 402–407). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Statistics New Zealand. (1999). New Zealand standard classification of occupations. Retrieved 25 Apr 2005, from http://www.stats.govt.nz/statistical-methods/classifications/nz-standard-class-of-occupations-1999.htm.
- Veale, J. F., Lomax, T. C., & Clarke, D. E. (2007). A taxometric analysis of the sexuality of male-to-female transsexuals. Manuscript submitted for publication.Google Scholar
- Walworth, J. R. (1997). Sex reassignment surgery in male-to-female transsexuals: Client satisfaction in relation to selection criteria. In B. Bullough, V. L. Bullough, & J. Elias (Eds.), Gender blending (pp. 352–369). Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books.Google Scholar