Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 38, Issue 4, pp 605–609 | Cite as

A Case Study of Preferential Bestiality

  • Christopher M. Earls
  • Martin L. LalumièreEmail author


In a previous article, we presented phallometric data to illustrate a case of preferential bestiality or zoophilia (Earls & Lalumière, Sex Abuse: J Res Treat, 14:83–88, 2002). Based on the available literature, we argued that a marked preference for having sex with animals over sex with humans is extremely rare. In the present article, we describe a second case of zoophilia that challenges the widely held assumptions that men who have sex with animals are generally of below average intelligence and come from rural areas. In addition, we provide a brief review of a burgeoning quantitative literature using large groups of zoophiles recruited from internet sources. Although estimates of the prevalence of zoophilia are not possible at this time, it appears that zoophilia is not as rare as once thought and shares many features with other atypical sexual interests.


Zoophilia Bestiality Paraphilias 



The authors would like to thank David Brousseau, James Cantor, Meredith Chivers, Vern Quinsey, Michael Seto, Annabree Simpson, Kelly Suschinsky, and Paul Vasey for providing useful feedback on an earlier version of this article. Paul Vasey also brought to our attention the phenomenon of furvets. This work was supported in part by a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Standard Research Grant awarded to M.L.L.


  1. Beetz, A. M. (2004). Bestiality/zoophilia: A scarcely investigated phenomenon between crime, paraphilia, and love. Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice, 4, 1–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Blanchard, R. (1989). The concept of autogynephilia and the typology of male gender dysphoria. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 177, 616–623.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Duffield, G., Hassiotis, A., & Vizard, E. (1998). Zoophilia in young sexual abusers. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry, 9, 294–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Earls, C. M., & Lalumière, M. L. (2002). A case study of preferential bestiality (zoophilia). Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 14, 83–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Freund, K., & Blanchard, R. (1993). Erotic target location errors in male gender dysphorics, paedophiles, and fetishists. British Journal of Psychiatry, 162, 558–563.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gates, K. (2000). Deviant desired: Incredibly strange sex. New York: Juno Books.Google Scholar
  7. Gebhard, P. H., Gagnon, J. H., Pomeroy, W. B., & Christenson, C. V. (1965). Sex offenders: An analysis of types. New York: Harper Row.Google Scholar
  8. Hensley, C., Tallichet, S. E., & Singer, S. D. (2006). Exploring the possible link between childhood and adolescent bestiality and interpersonal violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 21, 910–923.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kazdin, A. E. (1998). Research design in clinical psychology (3rd ed.). Toronto: Allyn & Bacon.Google Scholar
  10. Kinsey, A. C., Pomeroy, W. B., & Martin, C. E. (1948). Sexual behavior in the human male. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders.Google Scholar
  11. Lawrence, A. A. (2006). Clinical and theoretical parallels between desire for limb amputation and gender identity disorder. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 25, 263–278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. McNally, R. J., & Lukach, B. M. (1991). Behavioral treatment of zoophilic exhibitionism. Journal of Behavioral Research and Experimental Psychiatry, 22, 281–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Miletski, H. (2000). Bestiality/zoophilia: An exploratory study. Scandinavian Journal of Sexology, 3, 149–150.Google Scholar
  14. Miletski, H. (2005). Is zoophilia a sexual orientation? A study. In A. M. Beetz & A. L. Podberscek (Eds.), Bestiality and zoophilia: Sexual relations with animals (pp. 82–97). Ashland, IN: Purdue University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Seto, M. C. (2008). Understanding pedophilia and sexual offending against children: Theory, assessment, and intervention. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. von Krafft-Ebbing, R. (1950). Psychopathia sexualis (12th ed.). New York: Pioneer Publications.Google Scholar
  17. Williams, C. J., & Weinberg, M. S. (2003). Zoophilia in men: A study of sexual interests in animals. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 32, 523–535.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Département de psychologieUniversité de MontréalMontréalCanada
  2. 2.Department of Psychology (UHall)University of LethbridgeLethbridgeCanada

Personalised recommendations