Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 37, Issue 6, pp 934–949 | Cite as

Attention and Emotional Responses to Sexual Stimuli and Their Relationship to Sexual Desire

  • Nicole PrauseEmail author
  • Erick Janssen
  • William P. Hetrick
Original Paper


Little is known about why individuals vary in their levels of sexual desire. Information processing models, like Barlow’s (Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 54:140–148, 1986) model of sexual functioning, suggest that individuals with higher sexual desire attend more and respond with more pleasant emotions to sexual cues than individuals with lower levels of sexual desire. In this study, 69 participants (36 women, 33 men) completed a dot detection task measuring attention capture by sexual stimuli and a startle eyeblink modulation task indexing the valence of emotional response to affective stimuli. Participants with high levels of sexual desire were slower to detect targets in the dot detection task that replaced sexual images but did not differ in startle eyeblink responses to sexual stimuli. The results suggest that the amount of attention captured by sexual stimuli is a stronger predictor of a person’s sexual desire level than the valence of the emotional responses elicited by such stimuli.


Dot probe detection Hypoactive sexual desire disorder Sexual arousability Sexual desire Startle eyeblink modification 



Work on this article was supported, in part, by the Social Science Research Council’s Dissertation Fellowship to the first author. The authors wish to thank the laboratory assistants whose work contributed to this project: Katie Wilkinson, Jamaica Slicer, Valerie Tolbert, and Jen Volmer. For their helpful comments, we would like to thank Andrew Mathews, Ph.D. and the members of the Psychopathology and Neuropsychometry Laboratory Reading Group at Indiana University: Paul D. Kieffaber, Chad R. Edwards, Emily S. Kappenman, and Christine A. Carroll.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicole Prause
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Erick Janssen
    • 1
    • 2
  • William P. Hetrick
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychological and Brain SciencesIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA
  2. 2.The Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and ReproductionIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA

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