Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 35, Issue 4, pp 501–506 | Cite as

Regret after Sex Reassignment Surgery in a Male-to-Female Transsexual: A Long-Term Follow-Up

  • Stig-Eric Olsson
  • Anders Möller
Clinical Case Report Series

This case report describes a four-decade presentation of a non-homosexual gender dysphoric male patient. The case material was collected from two main sources. One of the authors had weekly therapy sessions with the patient over a period of 2 years almost 15 years after sex reassignment surgery. Information was also gained from the patient's medical records covering the period from the early 1960s to the early 1990s. Over the years, the patient fulfilled the criteria for different diagnoses: overanxious reaction of childhood, fetishism and transvestism during adolescence, and transsexualism during adolescence and early adulthood. The purpose of this report was to shed light on aspects of regret, its manifestation in a male-to-female transsexual with psychiatric co-morbidity, and to show the complexity of the process of adjustment when regret is involved. The present case is an argument for a strict interpretation of the Standards of Care provided by the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association in terms of evaluating patients’ mental health, apart from the evaluation of the gender identity disorder, and the patients’ subsequent need for treatment interventions.


gender dysphoria gender identity disorder transsexualism sex reassignment surgery sexual orientation. 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of the Health of Women and ChildrenGöteborg UniversityGöteborgSweden
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatrySahlgrenska University HospitalGöteborgSweden
  3. 3.Nordic School of Public HealthGöteborgSweden
  4. 4.Psykosteamet JärntorgetGöteborgSweden

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