Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 34, Issue 4, pp 461–467 | Cite as

An Empirical Test of the Kin Selection Hypothesis for Male Homosexuality

Abstract

The current investigation, following Bobrow and Bailey (2001), aimed to test the kin selection theory of homosexuality in human males using a survey design. A total of 60 heterosexual and 60 homosexual men from England completed items measuring psychological and behavioral indices of “special design” as predicted by adaptation due to kin selection. There were no significant differences between heterosexual and homosexual men in general familial affinity, generous feelings (willingness to provide financial and emotional resources), and benevolent tendencies (such as willingness to baby-sit). These remained non-significant after co-varying for level of personal income (higher among homosexual men), psychological gender, and interest in children. Overall, little support was found for the kin selection theory in a community sample.

Key Words

homosexuality men sexual orientation kin selection: evolution 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bailey, J. M. (2003). The man who would be queen. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press.Google Scholar
  2. Bailey, J. M., Dunne, M. P., & Martin, N. G. (2000). Genetic and environmental influences on sexual orientation and its correlates in an Australian twin sample. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 524–536.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Berglin, C. G. (1982). Birth order as a quantitative expression of date of birth. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 36, 298–302.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bell, A. P., & Weinberg, M. (1978). Homosexualities: A study of diversity among men and women. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  5. Blanchard, R. (1997). Birth order and sibling sex ratio in homosexual versus heterosexual males and females. Annual Review of Sex Research, 8, 27–67.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Bobrow, D., & Bailey, J. M. (2001). Is male homosexuality maintained via kin selection? Evolution and Human Behavior, 22, 361–368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Buss, D. (1994). The evolution of desire: Strategies in human mating. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  8. Dickemann, M. (1995). Wilson’s panchreston: the inclusive fitness hypothesis of sociobiology re-examined. In J. P. DeCecco & D. A. Parker (Eds.), Sex, cells, and same-sex desire: The biology of sexual preference (pp. 147–183). New York: Haworth Press.Google Scholar
  9. Eysenck, H. J., Wilson, G. D., & Jackson, C. (1996). Eysenck personality profiler. Croydon, Surrey: PSI Press.Google Scholar
  10. Hamer, D., & Copeland, P. (1994). The science of desire: The search for the gay gene and the biology of behavior. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  11. Hamer, D. H., Hu, S., Magnuson, V. L., Hu, N., & Pattatucci, A. M. L. (1993). A linkage between DNA markers on the X chromosome and male sexual orientation. Science, 261, 321–327.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Hu, S., Pattatucci, A. M. L., Patterson, C., Li, L., Fulker, D. W., Cherny, S. S., et al. (1995). Linkage between sexual orientation and chromosome Xq28 in males but not in females. Nature Genetics, 11, 248–256.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Kinsey, A. C., Pomeroy, W. B., & Martin, C. E. (1948). Sexual behavior in the human male. Philadelphia: Saunders.Google Scholar
  14. Kirkpatrick, R. C. (2000). The evolution of homosexual behavior. Current Anthropology, 41, 385–413.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Lippa, R. A. (2000). Gender related traits in gay men, lesbian women, and heterosexual men and women: The virtual identity of homosexual-heterosexual diagnosticity and gender diagnosticity. Journal of Personality, 68, 899–926.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Lippa, R. A. (2002). Gender-related traits of heterosexual and homosexual men and women. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 31, 83–98.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. McKnight, J. (1997). Straight science? Homosexuality, evolution and adaptation. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  18. Muscarella, F. (2000). The evolution of homoerotic behavior in humans. Journal of Homosexuality, 40, 51–77.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Rahman, Q., & Wilson, G. D. (2003). Born gay? The psychobiology of human sexual orientation. Personality and Individual Differences, 34, 1337–1382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Rice, G., Anderson, C., Risch, N., & Ebers, G. (1999). Male homosexuality: Absence of linkage to micro-satellite markers at Xq28. Science, 284, 665–667.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Ruse, M. (1982). Are there gay genes? Sociobiology and homosexuality. Journal of Homosexuality, 6, 5–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Saghir, M. T., & Robins, E. (1973). Male and female homosexuality: A comprehensive investigation. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar
  23. Salais, D., & Fischer, R. B. (1995). Sexual preference and altruism. Journal of Homosexuality, 28, 185–196.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Weinrich, J. D. (1976). Human reproductive strategy: II. Homosexuality and non-reproductive strategy: Some evolutionary models. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Harvard University.Google Scholar
  25. Wilson, E. O. (1975). Sociobiology: The new synthesis. Cambridge, MA: Belknap.Google Scholar
  26. Wilson, E. O. (1978). On human nature. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of PsychologyUniversity of East LondonLondonEngland

Personalised recommendations