Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp 81–93 | Cite as

The Evaluation of Homophobia in an Italian Sample

  • Vittorio LingiardiEmail author
  • Simona Falanga
  • Anthony R. D’Augelli


Homophobia has not been systematically studied by Italian social scientists. This study was an initial investigation of the nature of homophobia among Italians, using an Italian version of a scale measuring the construct, and investigated personality and other factors related to homophobia. We examined (1) whether a male military personnel group had more homophobic attitudes than a group of comparably aged male university students; (2) whether personal characteristics and personality factors were correlated with homophobia; and (3) whether there were gender differences in homophobia between male and female university students. Male officers of the Italian Marine Corps were compared to male university students of the same age with respect to homophobia and personality characteristics. In addition, a sample of male university students was compared to female students. The instruments used were the Italian versions of the Modern Homophobia Scale (MHS) and the 16 Personality Factor Inventory (16 PF). Results showed significantly higher homophobia among the military personnel than among male students. Consistent with previous research, male university students demonstrated more negative attitudes towards gay and lesbian people than female students.


homophobia homosexuality sexual orientation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vittorio Lingiardi
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Simona Falanga
    • 1
  • Anthony R. D’Augelli
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Dynamic and Clinical PsychologyUniversity “La Sapienza” of RomeRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Human Development and Family StudiesPennsylvania State UniversityUniversity Park
  3. 3.MilanItaly

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