Artificial Intelligence and Law

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 1–5 | Cite as


  • Rossella Rubino
  • Giovanni Sartor

Agents and AI & Law

In the last years there has been a significant and increasing convergence between research on multiagent systems and research on AI & Law. Not only results originated in one research community have been used by the other, but a number of researchers have been actively involved in both communities, contributing to an increasing cross-fertilisation. We believe that this trend is not taking place by mere chance; on the contrary it is rooted in the complementary nature of the two disciplines, and in the increasing significance or issues pertaining to their intersection (contracts between agents, the emergence of norms out of agents’ interactions, the establishment and enforcement of norms in agents’ societies).

Research on multiagent systems requires the contribution of AI & Law when it addresses the issue of the coordination of autonomous agents. If such agents are really autonomous—namely if each one of them is trying to achieve “his own interest his own way” (Smith 1997...


Multiagent System Normative System Legal Theory Legal Norm Digital Environment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Bing J, Sartor G (eds) (2003) The law of electronic agents. Unipubskriftserier, OsloGoogle Scholar
  2. Falcone R, Castelfranchi C (2001) The human in the loop of a delegated agent: the theory of adjustable social autonomy. IEEE Trans Syst, Man, Cybern, Part A: Syst Humans. Special Issue on Socially Intelligent Agents – the Human in the Loop 31(5):406–418Google Scholar
  3. Lessig L (2006) Code V2. Basic Books, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  4. Pound R (1910) Law in books and law in action. Am Law Rev 44:12–36Google Scholar
  5. Sartor G (2004) Virtual rules and internet law. In: Taeger J, Wiebe A (eds) Informatik–Wirtschaft– Recht: Regulierung der Wissensgesellshaft. Nomos, Baden-BadenGoogle Scholar
  6. Smith A (1997) An inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CIRSFIDAlma Mater Studiorum – Università di BolognaBolognaItaly
  2. 2.European University InstituteFlorenceItaly

Personalised recommendations