Artificial Intelligence and Law

, Volume 14, Issue 1–2, pp 101–142 | Cite as

Fundamental legal concepts: A formal and teleological characterisation*



We shall introduce a set of fundamental legal concepts, providing a definition of each of them. This set will include, besides the usual deontic modalities (obligation, prohibition and permission), the following notions: obligative rights (rights related to other’s obligations), permissive rights, erga-omnes rights, normative conditionals, liability rights, different kinds of legal powers, potestative rights (rights to produce legal results), result-declarations (acts intended to produce legal determinations), and sources of the law.


normative positions teleological reasoning 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Marie-Curie Professor of Legal informatics and Legal TheoryEuropean University InstituteFlorenceItaly
  2. 2.CIRSFID, University of BolognaBolognaItaly

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