PARMENIDES: Facilitating Deliberation in Democracies
- 128 Downloads
Governments and other groups interested in the views of citizens require the means to present justifications of proposed actions, and the means to solicit public opinion concerning these justifications. Although Internet technologies provide the means for such dialogues, system designers usually face a choice between allowing unstructured dialogues, through, for example, bulletin boards, or requiring citizens to acquire a knowledge of some argumentation schema or theory, as in, for example, ZENO. Both of these options present usability problems. In this paper, we describe an implemented system called PARMENIDES which allows structured argument over a proposed course of action, without requiring knowledge of the underlying argumentation theory.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
We are grateful to Sam Atkinson for his invaluable help in implementing PARMENIDES. A shorter version of this paper was presented at EGOVERNMENT 2004 conference (Zaragoza, Spain, September 2004) and we are grateful to the anonymous reviewers and to the conference audience for their comments. Katie Atkinson is grateful for support from the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC). Trevor Bench-Capon and Peter McBurney acknowledge financial support received from the European Commission’s Information Society Technologies (IST) programme, through Project ASPIC (IST-FP6-002307).
- Bench-Capon, T. J. M. (1998). Specification and Implementation of Toulmin Dialogue Game. In Proceedings of JURIX 98 (JURIX-1998), 5–20, GNI: NijmegenGoogle Scholar
- Bessette J. (1980) Deliberative Democracy: The Majority Principle in Republican Government. In Goldwin R. A., Schambra W. A. (eds) How Democratic is the Constitution? American Enterprise Institute, Washington, DC, USA, 102–116Google Scholar
- Bohman, J. and Rehg, W. Introduction, ix–xxx. In (Bohman and Rehg 1997)Google Scholar
- Bohman J., Rehg W. (eds) (1997) Deliberative Democracy: Essays on Reason and Politics. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, USAGoogle Scholar
- Downs A. (1957) An Economic Theory of Democracy. Harper and Row, New York, NY, USAGoogle Scholar
- Fiorino D. J. (1989) Environmental Risk and Democratic Process: A Critical Review. Columbia Journal of Environmental Law 14:501–547Google Scholar
- Forester J. (1999) The Deliberative Practitioner: Encouraging Participatory Planning Processes. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, USAGoogle Scholar
- Gordon, T. F. and Karacapilidis, N. I. (1997). The Zeno Argumentation Framework. In Proceedings of 6th International Conference on AI and Law (ICAIL-2003), 10–18, ACM Press: New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Gordon T. F, Richter G. (2002) Discourse Support Systems for Deliberative Democracy. In: Traunmüller R., Lenk K. (eds) EGOV 2002, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2456. Springer, Berlin, Germany, 238–255Google Scholar
- Greenwood K. M., Bench-Capon T. J. M., McBurney P. (2003a) Structuring dialogue between the People and their representatives. In: Traunmüller R. (ed) Electronic Government (EGOV 2003), Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2739. Springer, Berlin, 55–62Google Scholar
- Greenwood, K. M., Bench-Capon, T. J. M. and McBurney, P. (2003b). Towards a Computational Account of Persuasion in law. In Proceedings of 9th International Conference on AI and Law (ICAIL-2003), 22–31, ACM Press: New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Habermas, J. (1998). In Cronin, C. and De Greiff P. (eds.), The Inclusion of the Other: Studies in Political Theory, MIT Press: Cambridge, MA, USAGoogle Scholar
- Lührs R., Albrecht S., Lübcke M., Hohberg B. (2003) How to Grow? Online Consultation about Growth in the City of Hamburg: Methods, Techniques, Success Factors. In: Traunmüller R. (ed) Electronic Government (EGOV 2003), Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2739. Springer, Berlin, Germany, 79–84Google Scholar
- McBurney P., Parsons S. (2004) Engineering Democracy in Open Agent Systems. In: Omicini A., Petta P., Pitt J. (eds) Engineering Societies in the Agents World IV, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 3071. Springer, Berlin, Germany, 66–80Google Scholar
- Michelman F. I. (1989) Conceptions of Democracy in American Constitutional Argument: The Case of Pornography Regulation. Tennessee Law Review 56:291–319Google Scholar
- Rousseau, J. J. (1994). The Social Contract, Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK. Published 1762. Translated by Christopher Betts, in a volume entitled: Discourse on Political Economy and The Social ContractGoogle Scholar
- Sæbø Ø., Nilsen H. (2004) The Support for Different Democracy Models by the Use of a Web based Discussion Board. In: Traunmüller R. (ed) Electronic Government (EGOV 2004), Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3183. Springer, Berlin, 23–26Google Scholar
- Schumpeter, J. (1950). Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy, Harper: New York, USA, third edition, 1950. First edition 1942Google Scholar