Artificial Intelligence and Law

, Volume 12, Issue 1–2, pp 137–157 | Cite as

Anonymity and software agents: An interdisciplinary challenge

  • Frances Brazier
  • Anja Oskamp
  • Corien Prins
  • Maurice Schellekens
  • Niek Wijngaards


Software agents that play a role in E-commerce and E-government applications involving the Internet often contain information about the identity of their human user such as credit cards and bank accounts. This paper discusses whether this is necessary: whether human users and software agents are allowed to be anonymous under the relevant legal regimes and whether an adequate interaction and balance between law and anonymity can be realised from both the perspective of Computer Systems and the perspective of Law.


software agents privacy anonymity pseudoanonymity security legal aspects agent identity 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frances Brazier
    • 1
  • Anja Oskamp
    • 2
  • Corien Prins
    • 3
  • Maurice Schellekens
    • 3
  • Niek Wijngaards
    • 1
  1. 1.Intelligent Interactive Distributed Systems, Faculty of SciencesVrije Universiteit AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Computer and Law Institute, Faculty of LawVrije Universiteit AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.TILT, Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology and Society, Faculty of LawTilburg UniversityTilburgThe Netherlands

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