Negotiation and Deliberation: Grasping the Difference
Negotiation and deliberation are two context types or genres of discourse widely studied in the argumentation literature. Within the pragma-dialectical framework, they have been characterised in terms of the conventions constraining the use of argumentative discourse in each of them. Thanks to these descriptions, it has become possible to analyse the arguers’ strategic manoeuvres and carry out more systematic, context-sensitive evaluations of argumentative discussions. However, one issue that still must be addressed in the pragma-dialectical theory—and other contextual approaches to argumentation—is how to distinguish negotiation and deliberation in practice. In this paper, I seek to develop criteria that can help the analyst identify them in discourse. To this end, I characterise the felicity conditions of the superordinate speech acts defining and structuring deliberation and negotiation encounters.
KeywordsNegotiation Deliberation Offer Proposal Superordinate speech act
I would like to thank T. M. Edwards, D. Godden, J. Goodwin, C. Joannon, M. Lewinski, D. Mohammed, F. Snoeck Henkemans and R. Valenzuela for their valuable comments on earlier versions of this paper.
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